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Emancipation’s long foreshadowing

March 1, 2021 | xppcyhzz | No Comments

first_imgIra Berlin, a pre-eminent historian of African America who is now in his 70s, visited Harvard this week, both to give (lectures) and to receive (an award).Berlin, who teaches at the University of Maryland, delivered the lectures on “The Long Emancipation” for the Hutchins Center for African and African American Research.But the award, the W.E.B. Du Bois Medal for 2014, took him by surprise. On Tuesday, Berlin was poised to deliver the first of three days of lectures in this year’s Nathan I. Huggins series when center director Henry Louis Gates Jr. popped the news in front of a standing-room-only crowd.“His books are required reading,” said Gates, who added that one had “changed my life”: “Slaves Without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South” (1974). That was Berlin’s first book, and it turned Civil War history on its head. By using census data, he showed that by 1860 more freed blacks lived in the slaveholding South than in the slave-free North. “He did it,” said Gates, “by using numbers in plain sight.”The medal was the first awarded since the center changed its name in October. Given since 2000, the medal is Harvard’s highest honor for those whose work contributes to the African-American experience. As a Du Bois medalist, Berlin is in stellar company. Last fall, the award went to six recipients, including Supreme Court Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor and film director Steven Spielberg. At Tuesday’s lecture, stellar company was also present: celebrated historians Bernard Bailyn, David Brion Davis, Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, and Rebecca J. Scott. “If this roof falls in,” said Gates, “the fate of American history would be in serious trouble.”Berlin’s later scholarship traces the black American experience in ever-widening geographic arcs. His book “The Making of African America” (2010) challenges a dominant narrative in black history: the movement from bondage to freedom. He offers a counter-narrative, saying that “four great migrations” illuminate a less linear view of the black experience in America. These transformational dislocations, Berlin wrote, were creative and courageous searches for identity, meaning, and a sense of place.They start with the trans-Atlantic slave trade, continue with the forced migrations of slaves south and inland to work on cotton plantations, include the 20th century migration of blacks northward in search of work, and show new black Americans moving from Africa and elsewhere.The “long emancipation”In his lectures, Berlin laid out an argument for reassessing the trajectory of black liberty. “We tend to think of emancipation as a moment,” he said. “I’d like to think of it as a movement, a near century-long movement.” (Berlin’s last lecture, “Bloody Struggle,” is scheduled for 4 p.m. Thursday in the Thompson Room.)The series had as its subtitle “Rethinking of the Demise of Slavery in the United States.” Berlin recast the temporal frame back to the 18th century, when he said the principles of the American Revolution helped to start the long unraveling of slavery. In 1776, opponents of slavery and slaves themselves acquired the “great weapon” of the Declaration of Independence, said Berlin. As far back as 1781, Thomas Jefferson, a slaveholder, foresaw the institution’s demise.By the end of the 18th century, states in the upper South were loosening their bonds to slavery as a way of life. Then came “a counter-revolution,” said Berlin, a 19th century in which abolitionists and slaveholders increasingly squared off in escalating conflicts that culminated in the Civil War.The resonant Declaration of Independence combined with the Bible to create what Berlin called the twin “ur-texts of American nationality.” Meanwhile, state governments, lawyers, and religious abolitionists continued to assault the institution of slavery, battling opponents who, Berlin said, “warred on all fronts.”Slavery was already weakening by the time of the war that banished it. By 1860, chattel bondage in the South was “leaking like a sieve,” Berlin said. Slaves were fleeing in greater numbers, “self-purchasing” their freedom, and winning “freedom suits” in the courts. So the demise of slavery was not a moment or an event (the Civil War, the Emancipation Proclamation, the 13th Amendment), said Berlin. “Slavery came apart in pieces,” starting nearly a century before the war of 1861-1865.Still, there were more American slaves in 1860 — about 4 million — than at any other time. The institution was coming apart, but it wasn’t happening quickly.Emancipation’s four elementsIn the end, four key elements wove through the 85-year story of the “long emancipation” that started in 1776: the primacy of ex-slaves, a shifting debate over race identity, deliberations about the meaning of equality, and constant violence.Central to the long road to freedom was the core of ex-slaves. They provided opposition that was “direct and personal,” and added fire to the message of white abolitionists. (Berlin acknowledged their efficacy.) These passionate black advocates also helped neutralize widespread apathy to the institution among many slaves, and among blacks already freed.Free and prosperous blacks contributed to inertia by hewing to hierarchical ideas of authority, by fearing the wrath of slave owners, and by limiting social contact with slaves. This added up to a trope of antebellum black newspapers that “freed people of color” were not doing enough to end slavery. (In many cases, Berlin said, they even bought slaves themselves.) Yet by 1860, freed blacks in the South — living representations that freedom could work in a post-slavery world — had become vital to ending slavery. Berlin called them “the yeast that makes the bread rise.”Then came another crosscurrent, a debate over the meaning of race. The Declaration of Independence “had made equality normative,” said Berlin, but in racial terms had it made equality real? People asked: What distinguished whites from blacks? Some even asked, are blacks human? (One unhappy consequence of the race debate was an uptick in physiological studies in pursuit of race differences.)Another element involved a different debate. If the Declaration demands a logic that the American republic be interracial, said Berlin, what does that mean and how far can it go? Thus began a “long chapter on the making and remaking of race.”As for the “final feature of emancipation” — violence — that was ubiquitous and consistent. With slavery’s grip loosening, “the violence begins almost immediately,” said Berlin. In particular, child kidnapping bloomed. Slavery proponents even snatched pregnant free women and moved them across borders so their children would be born in slave states. Berlin used the analog of the Amber Alert. “Think of this happening all the time,” he said.The violence ratcheted higher. By the 1820s and ’30s, there were race riots, race “cleansings,” and “open warfare” among vigilante societies, Berlin said, whose actions by the 1850s — the “years of great violence” in Bloody Kansas and elsewhere — foreshadowed the slaughter of the Civil War. By then, “violence was raised to yet another level,” said Berlin. “But the pattern was already established.”There was social violence too. In 1776, the Declaration of Independence became that “great weapon” of freedom. But in 1857 the U.S. Supreme Court’s Dred Scott decision opened the door for slavery to reach into the North. That set the stage for the war, and for an end to slavery, as well as (in theory) an explicit beginning of black American freedom. It was a long time coming, said Berlin. “Emancipation was a gradual struggle.”last_img read more

PSO Awards

January 17, 2021 | xppcyhzz | No Comments

first_imgEight University of Georgia faculty and staff were honored for exemplary service to the state during Monday’s 2019 Public Service and Outreach awards luncheon, which included awards for Entrepreneur of the Year and Donor Impact.UGA’s highest award in Public Service and Outreach went to Stanley Culpepper, a professor and extension agronomist in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, who received the 2019 Walter Barnard Hill Fellow Award for Distinguished Achievement in Public Service and Outreach. The Hill Fellow is comparable to a distinguished professorship.Additionally, five faculty members will receive Walter Barnard Hill Awards for Distinguished Achievement in Public Service and Outreach. They are:Jeffrey Humphreys, director of the Selig Center for Economic Growth, Terry College of BusinessAmanda Burgess Marable, extension 4-H specialist and senior public service associate, College of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesDavid Meyers, public service associate at the J.W. Fanning Institute for Leadership Development, a UGA Public Service and Outreach unit;William G. Tyson, county extension coordinator in Bulloch County, College of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesTheresa Wright, director of assessment and evaluation for the Vice President of Public Service and Outreach and unit manager for the Survey Research and Evaluation Initiative at the Carl Vinson Institute of Government, a UGA Public Service and Outreach unit.The Hill Award and Hill Fellow Award are named for Chancellor Walter Barnard Hill, who led the University of Georgia from 1899 to 1905. Hill was a pioneer who helped define the university’s modern public service and outreach mission.The Public Service and Outreach Staff Award for Excellence went to Genell Gibson, administrative assistant at Marine Extension and Georgia Sea Grant, a UGA Public Service and Outreach unit. This is the most prestigious award for staff members and recognizes individuals who have demonstrated a strong work ethic, commitment to service and exceptional job performance.Alexander Scherr, associate professor and director of the Veterans Legal Clinic at the School of Law, received the Engaged Scholar Award, recognizing a tenured associate or full professor who has made significant career-spanning contributions to UGA Public Service and OutreachThe Entrepreneur of the Year Award, recognizing a company that has exhibited significant growth in business, benefitted from a variety of formal learning opportunities through the UGA Small Business Development Center and served as a public advocate of business ownership, went to Will Harris, a fourth-generation cattleman and owner of White Oak Pastures in Bluffton, Georgia. This award was sponsored by Cadence Bank.The Callaway Foundation Inc., won the Donor Impact Award in recognition of its longtime support of the State Botanical Garden of Georgia, including a $1 million award in October to help fund a new visitor entrance. Since 1973, the Callaway Foundation has given more than $5.8 million to the State Botanical Garden for capital improvements that have enhanced visitors’ experiences. Paul S. “Tripp” Penn III, president of the Callaway Foundation Inc. and the Fuller E. Callaway Foundation boards, accepted the award.last_img read more

first_img The Australian, Colombian, and Panamanian police united to destroy a major drug-trafficking ring, arresting fourteen people and seizing a large amount of cocaine, it was announced. In a joint operation, the authorities found more than fifty kilograms of the drug, with a local value in the millions, hidden in hydraulic oil in the city of Mackay, Queensland. The illegal drug trade is a global black market, dedicated to cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of those substances which are subject to drug prohibition laws. Drug trafficking is the commercial exchange of drugs and drug paraphernalia. This includes any equipment used to manufacture illegal drugs or use them. In many countries, drug smuggling carries a severe penalty, including the death penalty. The countries of drug production have been seen as the worst affected by prohibition. In many countries worldwide, the illegal drug trade is thought to be directly linked to violent crimes such as murder and this is especially true in third world countries, but is also an issue for many developed countries worldwide.Documentary – “Women of Justice: Janel Iskenderian (Anti-Drug Task Force)” reveals about a lady who is drug investigator. Every day they fight crime, they fight to keep us safe, and they fight for their places in a man’s world. Outnumbered by their male counterparts, each excels in her chosen field and belongs to an elite crime-fighting force.To watch please visit – http://www.cultureunplugged.com/play/4513 At the same time, the Panamanian authorities detained three people in Panama City, on charges of drug trafficking, in an operation that began in September 2009. By Dialogo June 01, 2011center_img In a simultaneous action, the Colombian police detained seven people in the city of Medellín, on charges of drug trafficking and criminal conspiracy. One Australian, thirty-eight years old, and two Colombians, thirty and forty-two years old, were detained and will face a total of twenty-six counts, including the import of a large amount of drugs for resale. A third Colombian, twenty-four years old, was also arrested in Mackay and is under investigation. last_img read more

first_imgIn the latter part of his speech, President Jokowi said ASEAN travel corridors would be crucial to maintain regional connectivity, which would be central to economic growth. In addition, Jokowi said, the arrangement could signal the strategic significance of the ASEAN community in the region and the world. “Each of these countries, even though they are grouped under ASEAN, still need to protect their citizens from COVID-19. This continues to be the main priority of each country. So it won’t be possible to have travel corridors when the response levels are not equal,” said Dicky, who was involved in the ASEAN HIV-AIDS response in the mid aughts. “The travel corridor arrangements, of course, must be done carefully, measurably and gradually, starting from essential business travel that implements strict health protocols,” Jokowi said.President Jokowi, who delivered the remarks after speeches from Brunei Darussalam’s Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah and Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, said regional leaders must give clear direction to accelerate post-COVID-19 ASEAN economic recovery.A number of countries in ASEAN have begun working on details of a plan to open a passage that would allow for safe travel during the pandemic. The proposed plans include Singapore’s “fast-lane” arrangement with China as well as Malaysia’s “green lane” with Singapore and Brunei. Indonesia is also discussing a “fast lane” arrangement with China, which is expected to be open by the end of June, according to information from the Chinese Embassy in Jakarta. Indonesia has the highest cumulative total of confirmed cases, as its daily tally of new cases continues to hover around 1,000. Meanwhile, other ASEAN states such as Vietnam, Brunei and Laos have all reported zero cases over the past few weeks. Since the first COVID-19 case was confirmed in Thailand in mid-January, all 10 member states have progressed differently in their COVID-19 responses, with some countries succeeding at containing the virus and others still grappling with high rates of infection. Jokowi also encouraged digital connectivity and called for the strengthening of regional economic cooperation through the signing of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) this year.In his opening remarks, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc of Vietnam, which is the current chair of ASEAN, warned that the virus pandemic could cause an economic calamity as it has swept away years of economic gains in the region. Other ASEAN country leaders, including Malaysian Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin and Brunei Darussalam’s Hassanal Bolkiah, also tabled the travel bubble proposal, saying the plan is crucial to shore up investments and create job opportunities. With concerns over economic catastrophe taking center stage at the 36th ASEAN Summit, which kicked off virtually on Friday, some country members of the regional grouping are calling for the opening of an ASEAN travel corridor.Indonesian President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo is one of the country leaders proposing the regional travel corridor arrangement, saying it could be a crucial measure to accelerate economic recovery.”I understand that some of us, including Indonesia, have started bilateral talks both with fellow ASEAN countries and with countries outside ASEAN regarding travel corridors. However, it is time for ASEAN, as a community, to think about ASEAN travel corridor arrangements,” Jokowi said in his speech, delivered from Bogor Palace on Friday. Dicky said that countries in the ASEAN region should make controlling the epidemic a priority rather than focusing on bringing the economy back to normal.”Look at other regions. Even the EU does not treat every member equally but gives them the freedom to arrange their own travel corridors based on the pandemic control status,” he said. Epidemiologist Dicky Budiman, however, pointed out that as the COVID-19 response in the region was not uniform, with some showing some level of success in controlling the outbreak while others still facing surging cases, it would be difficult for countries to achieve a uniform travel bubble agreement.  “As a first step, we can explore the possibility of sectoral exemptions for travel restrictions such as medical tourism, or high-value economic visits,” Prime Minister Muhyiddin said as quoted by Malaysian national news agency Bernama.Malaysia’s “green bubble” or “green lanes” proposal, however, involves easing travel restrictions between two or more countries where local COVID-19 infections and cases are low. Malaysian officials have said that countries with no new cases of COVID-19 for 28 days could be considered to join the travel bubble. Foreign travelers from “green zone” countries like Singapore, Brunei, New Zealand and Australia may not need to undergo the 14-day quarantine, Bloomberg has reported. Topics : “It has swept away the successes of recent years […] threatening the lives of millions of people,” Prime Minister Xuan Phuc said in a sobering opening address as quoted by Agence France-Presse. He emphasized the “serious consequences” of the pandemic for economic development among ASEAN’s members.The Vietnamese prime minister also said that in the coming months, ASEAN leaders would face a “heavy burden” to lead the region out of the difficult times. “The successful completion of this task will stand as a testament to the lasting values and vitality of our resilient and dynamic community,” he said.According to the latest International Monetary Fund (IMF) forecast, world economic growth would be lower than previously estimated, from minus 3 percent to minus 4.9 percent, making the crisis the worst economic contraction since the Great Depression in the 1930s.last_img read more

first_imgNicholas Given of Ray White New Farm believes open homes are where your agent must shine – “Forget about everything else”..NOT sure about your real estate agent? Here’s a way to test if you need to steer clear.Real estate agent Nicholas Given, who has a five star rating on Rate My Agent, recommends sending a friend out to open homes to report back on the attention they receive from the agent in question.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home2 hours agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor8 hours agoIn his case, he sent out someone who wanted to make real estate his future career, but the idea is the same.“Last Saturday I sent him to six different open homes to gauge the difference in quality of agents across the board. He reported back with glowing references of two agents and the rest were horribly poor,” he said in his Property View from the Outer newsletter.“One agent in particular did not take the buyers’ details, did not know anything about the apartment, did not engage in conversation at all, locked up early and did not follow up the buyer on the Saturday afternoon or the following Monday. It baffles me.”He said the proof was in how they conducted themselves with potential buyers.“If you are currently on the market, send a friend through your own open house. If you are thinking about selling, go through a few open homes yourself. Forget about everything else. The proof will be in the pudding … Not getting the result is one thing, but not getting the result because your agent doesn’t follow up is unforgivable.”last_img read more

first_img32 Becker Place, Mount Ommaney.A three-storey mansion is setting new standards and is unlike any other home constructed in Brisbane.Priced at $6 million, the property at 32 Becker Place, Mount Ommaney, is four years old and features five bedrooms and six bathrooms. FREE: Get the latest real estate news direct to your inbox here. Take a look at 32 Becker Place, Mount Ommaney.NGU Realestate — Toowong selling agent Emil Juresic said the concrete home, known as Razor House, would sell for more than $30 million in Sydney.Mr Juresic has marketed the property as being one of the city’s highest waterfront properties, with more than 100 piers embedded into solid rock form its hilltop foundation.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home2 hours agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor2 hours agoStandout features of the home include a 10-seater three tiered French inspired cinema with a cocktail cabinet and games table for poker nights.On the bottom level there is a custom built Alpine stone bar. BRISBANE’S BEST ‘LAKE SIDE’ HOUSE 32 Becker Place, Mount Ommaney. COASTAL WONDERLAND The magnesium pool at 32 Becker Place, Mount Ommaney.There is also a magnesium horizon pool with a deck, spa and pool house including a shower and toilet.Well known builder Thallon Mole Group constructed the home and was inspired by the 2858sq m hilltop location overlooking the western suburbs, two Brisbane River reaches, farmland and distant mountains. 32 Becker Place, Mount Ommaney. Known as Razor House, the home is at 32 Becker Place, Mount Ommaney. The room perfect for poker nights at 32 Becker Place, Mount Ommaney. 32 Becker Place, Mount Ommaney.Mr Juresic said the three-storey central void was reminiscent of foyers existing in only the most prestigious international hotels.The middle level is for sharing and includes a children’s wing featuring three ducted air conditioned bedrooms set slightly off from each other to capture uninterrupted private views from the individual balconies.Mr Juresic said the 12-car garage was an obvious indication that an astonishing family retreat was beyond the front door.last_img read more

first_imgThe cost of using derivatives is set to climb by as much as 10 times current levels under new European rules, according to analysis firm OpenGamma – and pension funds should act soon.Under the European Markets Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR), counterparties for a range of over-the-counter interest rate and credit default derivatives will be required to use clearing houses. Pension funds have so far been exempt, but European regulators have yet to agree whether this exemption will be extended, or for how long.OpenGamma said its research showed that new margin rules for uncleared over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives under EMIR could increase the cost of financing by up to 10 times. Pension funds, many of which could be drawn into scope of the new rules from September 2019, could save 50% in initial margin costs by choosing to clear voluntarily before the rules come in, the firm said.Peter Rippon, OpenGamma’s chief executive, said: “While a few market participants will be caught out this month, the real big bang for pension funds is still to come.”He said “a monumental headache” awaited because many investment managers would be carrying out huge amounts of work all at the same time.“Let’s face it, this is probably not what the rulemakers had in mind when they devised this phased-in approach,” he said.The margin requirements – which mean derivatives investors must hold capital behind the derivatives they buy – are being phased in this September for entities with group notional amount above €2.25trn, and then for entities with successively lower notional amounts next September and the following two Septembers.With no pension funds in scope in this month’s phase-in, OpenGamma said pension funds could save 0.7 basis points for a 10-year derivative trade, increasing to 1.8 basis points for a 30-year trade.last_img read more

Xodus Group Appoints Renewables Director

September 28, 2020 | xppcyhzz | No Comments

first_imgThe Scottish engineering and advisory consultancy Xodus Group has appointed Peter Tipler as the Renewables Director with an aim to help drive growth across the sector.According to Xodus, Tipler has been with the company for almost ten years working at a number of positions in the renewable energy, environment and decommissioning divisions.“I’m honoured to take on the role and hope my experience and knowledge of the projects over the years will allow Xodus to build up the capabilities right across the renewables industry – from wave and tidal to offshore wind,” Tipler said.“We have a long history of working in the sector. Our view is that offshore renewable energy is a fundamental part of the global future energy mix. We aren’t waiting for it to happen, we are making it happen.”Xodus partnered with Green Marine in 2017 to launch an integrated service for the maintenance of offshore renewable assets by combining its integrity management software tool XAMIN to capture and monitor live data from offshore assets with Green Marine’s physical offshore inspection and repair services.Earlier this year, the Aberdeen-based consultancy firm announced that Subsea 7 is acquiring a 60% holding in the company from Chiyoda Corporation, which is retaining a 40% stake as a joint venture partner.last_img read more

Court receives four takeover offers for Bourbon

September 28, 2020 | xppcyhzz | No Comments

first_imgThe Marseilles Commercial Court has received offers for concerning assets and activities of Bourbon Corporation and Bourbon Maritime.Source: BourbonBourbon said on Friday that four candidates submitted an offer to the Marseilles Commercial Court.In accordance with the conclusions of its judgment of November 18, the Commercial Court set December 10 as the date for review of the takeover bids.The company added that this context doesn’t allow a resumption of the listing of Bourbon Corporation shares and bonds. The shares have been suspended from listing on Euronext Paris since October 9.It is worth reminding that Offshore Energy Today reported on the court receiving an offer for the takeover of Bourbon back in early October.At the time, the takeover offer for the struggling French offshore vessel owner was made by a company owned by a group of French banks.As for the reorganization proceedings, they have been opened since August 7, 2019. Bourbon requested the opening of reorganization proceedings further to the guarantees redeemed by Chinese company ICBC Leasing for an amount exceeding $800 million.The reorganization proceedings are a collective procedure that freezes the liabilities existing at the beginning of the procedure during the observation period, which can last up to 18 months. The purpose of this procedure is to enable the debtor to present a plan for the continuation of his activities by reorganizing his debt – which may be spread over a maximum period of 10 years – and to ensure his recovery.Offshore Energy Today StaffSpotted a typo? Have something more to add to the story? Maybe a nice photo? Contact our editorial team via email. Also, if you’re interested in showcasing your company, product or technology on Offshore Energy Today, please contact us via our advertising form where you can also see our media kit.last_img read more

first_imgLocalNews Prime Minister to present $432,598,384 budget this morning by: – June 29, 2011 Sharing is caring! Share Share Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit.The Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Dominica will this morning present the 2011/2012 Budget address at the First Meeting of the Second Session of the Eighth Parliament under the 1978 Constitution.Mr. Skerrit is expected to move a motion for the approval of estimates of expenditure for the financial year ending June 30th, 2012 amounting to $432,598,384.00This address will aslo be streamed live on Vibes Radio (www.vibesradio.dm) from the Parliament building from 10:00am to our viewers.This is the first time that the budget presentation will be streamed live on the internet and Vibes Radio will be a part of this significant occasion.Dominica Vibes Newscenter_img 10 Views   no discussions Tweet Sharelast_img read more