1. No. 16 UMBC 74, No. 1 Virginia 54 (2018, First Round)SN WAS THERE: I wish I had a dollar for every time I thought, “Is this really happening?” from my spot on press row during the second half of this unforgettable game. Virginia, a team that spent the entire season frustrating opposing teams, looked helpless as UMBC point guard K.J. Maura knifed through its defense and as Jairus Lyles torched the Cavaliers for 23 points after halftime. The Retrievers’ energy, confidence and fearlessness was, in a word, intoxicating.This was, as you know, the first time a No. 1 seed lost its opener in NCAA Tournament history. Virginia had lost only two games all season by an average of four points, and was an easy — and deserving — choice for the No. 1 overall seed. But the Cavaliers lost De’Andre Hunter, the ACC’s Sixth Man of the Year, before the tournament. More importantly, they ran into an incredibly confident No. 16 seed that, quite honestly, had no business being a 16-seed. UMBC stuck with Virginia through the first half and came out of halftime playing more confidently than any team had played against Tony Bennett’s team all year. The Retrievers started knocking down 3-pointers, and suddenly the lead was up to double-digits. The rest, as they say, is history. — RFSporting News’ Mike DeCourcy, Bill Bender and Zac Al-Khateeb contributed to this article. But which ones are the best?SN’s MARCH MADNESS HQ 2019Field of 68 projections | Printable bracketIt might be a fool’s errand to rank the best upsets in March Madness history, especially considering it’s a largely subjective enterprise. But, in honor of the 80th anniversary of the Final Four, Sporting News writers Mike DeCourcy, Ryan Fagan and Bill Bender decided to undertake the Herculean task.That said, here are the 80 best upsets in March Madness history. May there be many more to come.80. No. 13 Siena 83, No. 4 Vanderbilt 62 (2008, First Round)SN WAS THERE: You know how Vanderbilt became everybody’s favorite team to pick as an upset victim in March? That might be my fault. I’ve seen Vanderbilt in person twice in the NCAA Tournament, both times as a No. 4 seed. The Commodores are 0-2 in those games (more on that later). This one was different. This one was domination. Kenny Hasbrouck had 30 points, Tay Fisher went 6 for 6 from 3-point range and Siena won going away, by 21 points. If you ever get the chance to talk with Fisher at a Globetrotter’s game or at one of his camps, do it. He’ll tell you stories that make you feel like you’re there. This quote, about March, stuck with me: “That’s what March is all about. I love it because you get to see those teams that you don’t get to see all the time. This was our time to show the world what we’re able to do. We’re not Duke or North Carolina or one of those kind of teams, but we always felt like we could play with them. That’s how all college teams should feel. This is your time to shine.” — Ryan Fagan79. No. 13 UNC-Wilmington 93, No. 4 USC 89 (2002, First Round)Hot shooting from Brett Blizzard and Craig Callahan carried the Seahawks to a win against the Trojans. UNC-Wilmington needed overtime to beat USC, but Stewart Hare provided the signature two-handed slam in the final minute. — Bill Bender78. No. 8 Butler 71, No. 1 Pittsburgh 70 (2011, Second Round)The Big East was so strong that 11 of its 16 members were invited to the NCAA Tournament — and a .500 UConn team went out and won it. Pitt was such a tough and together team it won the league title with less talent, but it couldn’t find a defensive answer for Bulldogs’ star Shelvin Mack. He punished the Panthers with 30 points. Pitt still had a chance to win it when Mack surprisingly fouled Panthers wing Gilbert Brown with 1.4 seconds left. Brown missed his free throw, and the game should have gone to overtime. But Panthers forward Nasir Robinson reached across the arm of Bulldogs center Matt Howard trying to contest a rebound that, if retrieved, could not have led to a game-winning shot. That foul put Howard at the line for the game-winning free throw. Butler went on to reach a second straight NCAA title game. — Mike DeCourcy77. No. 13 Cleveland State 84, No. 4 Wake Forest 69 (2009, First Round)Norris Cole scored 22 and J’Nathan Bullock had 21 to lead the Vikings to a victory against Jeff Teague-led Wake Forest. No. 12 Arizona knocked off Cleveland State 71-57 in the second round. — BB76. No. 13 Southwest Missouri State 65, No. 4 Clemson 60 (1987, First Round) Winston Garland scored 24 points to help a Charlie Spoonhour-coached team knock out a Clemson team that featured Horace Grant and Elden Campbell. No. 5 Kansas eliminated the Bears 67-63 in the second round. — BB75. No. 10 Maryland 95, No. 2 UMass 87 (1994, Second Round)Maryland avenged its loss to John Calipari’s UMass team earlier in the season by upending the Atlantic 10 champions in the second round of the NCAA Tournament. UMass held a 54-44 advantage with 16 minutes left to play in the game, but the Terrapins’ 70 percent shooting in the second half helped them to a comeback win. Duane Simpkins, Joe Smith and Exree Hipp combined for 61 points in the upset, but six of Maryland’s players — including all five starters — scored in the double digits as the Terps made their way to the Sweet 16 for the first time since 1985. — Zac Al-Khateeb 74. No. 4 Arizona 85, No. 1 Kansas 82 (1997, Sweet 16)This might have been Roy Williams’ best team at Kansas. Consensus first-team All-American Raef LaFrentz (18.5 points) and future 10-time NBA All-Star Paul Pierce (16.3) led KU in scoring, senior Jacque Vaughn (10.2 points. 6.2 assists) ran the point and future NBA mainstay Scot Pollard (10.3 points, 8.3 rebounds, 2.6 blocks) patrolled the paint. The Jayhawks spent the final 15 weeks of the season in the No. 1 spot in the AP Poll, and their lone loss heading into this game was in double overtime at rival Missouri. They’d won their five postseason games (three Big 12, two NCAA) by an average of 18.8 points.Arizona, though, was up to the challenge. Behind the guard play of Mike Bibby (21 points), Michael Dickerson (20) and Miles Simon (17), the Wildcats took control of the game after halftime and withstood every Kansas push down the stretch. Arizona pushed its lead out to 75-62 with only 3:25 left, only to watch the Jayhawks whittle it down and pull within a point, at 83-82 on a 3-pointer by Ryan Robertson with 19 seconds to go. KU wouldn’t score again, however, and Arizona had its monumental upset. The Wildcats went on to beat two more No. 1 seeds (blue bloods North Carolina and Kentucky) in the Final Four to claim the title. — RF73. No. 13 Indiana State 70, No. 4 Oklahoma 68 (2001, First Round)Matt Renn led the Sycamores to their first tournament victory since the Larry Bird era with 22 points against the Sooners. No. 12 Gonzaga eliminated Indiana State 85-68 in the next round. — BB72. No. 13 Southern 93, No. 4 Georgia 78 (1993, First Round) Jervaughn Scales scored 27 points to help Southern knock out a Yellow Jackets team that featured Travis Best. No. 12 George Washington knocked off the Jaguars 90-80 in the next round. — BB71. No. 8 Rhode Island 80, No. 1 Kansas 75 (1998, Second Round)Asked about the pro prospects of Rams wing Cuttino Mobley after one of many terrific performances on his way to Atlantic 10 Player of the Year, an NBA scout suggested he was just another guy. That was before Mobley put 27 points on the board against KU, which featured All-Americans Paul Pierce and Raef LaFrentz. Kansas could find no answer for Mobley and point guard Tyson Wheeler, who combined for 47 points. — MD70. No. 9 Boston College 75, No. 1 North Carolina 72 (1994, Second Round)One team had added Rasheed Wallace and Jerry Stackhouse to the core of the squad that won the 1993 NCAA Championship. The other had just gotten rolled in the Big East Tournament. BC’s Bill Curley told the Boston Globe the first question the Eagles were asked after winning to advance to play UNC was: How do you feel going into a game you know you can’t win? “And the whole place just kind of erupted laughing at us.” BC and Curley got the last laugh after Curley scored 10 of the Eagles’ last 11 points to shake up the college hoops world. — MD69. No. 13 Ohio 65, No. 4 Michigan 60 (2012, First Round) D.J. Cooper started the Bobcats’ tournament run with 21 points against a Michigan team led by Trey Burke. The Bobcats took No. 1 North Carolina to overtime in a 73-65 loss in the Sweet 16. — BB68. No. 14 Xavier 89, No. 3 Nebraska 84 (1991, First Round)Jamie Gladden scored 20 and Brian Grant added 15 points and 10 rebounds for the Musketeers in their second first-round upset in four years. No. 11 UConn beat Xavier 66-50 in the second round. — BB 67. No. 13 Xavier 70, No. 4 Missouri 69 (1987, First Round) Byron Larkin took over for the Musketeers in a first-round upset with 29 points and 10 rebounds in a dominant performance that put the program on the map. No. 5 Duke beat Xavier 65-60 in the second round. — BB66. No. 6 Providence 88, No. 1 Georgetown 73 (1987, Elite Eight)The Hoyas closed the season strong, winning their final 10 games (including the Big East Tournament title) to grab a No. 1 seed in the NCAA Tournament. Reggie Williams, a consensus first-team All-American who would become the No. 4 overall pick in the NBA Draft a couple months later, led the Hoyas at 23.6 points per contest. But Providence, which had knocked off No. 2 seed Alabama in the Sweet 16 behind 26 points from senior guard Billy Donovan, jumped all over the Hoyas early and never relented. The Friars owned a 54-37 lead at halftime — that advantage had been extended from six to 17 with Williams on the bench with foul trouble — and maintained a relatively comfortable advantage down the stretch. Donovan scored 20 points (he was 16 of 18 from the free throw line) and Darryl Wright scored 20 as Rick Pitino’s team pulled away for the stunning victory. — RF65. No. 12 Cornell 87, No. 4 Wisconsin 69 (2010, Second Round)Cornell controlled the pace of this game, beating 4-seed Wisconsin convincingly to become just the second Ivy League team since Penn in 1979 to make the Sweet 16 (the Quakers made the Final Four). The Big Red were led offensively by Louis Dale and Ryan Wittman, who combined for 50 points in the upset. Cornell finished its 2010 tournament run with a loss to Kentucky in the Sweet 16. — ZA64. No. 14 Old Dominion 89, No. 3 Villanova 81 (1995, First Round) Petey Sessoms scored 35 points to knock out Villanova in triple overtime, despite 22 points from Kerry Kittles. No. 6 Tulsa knocked off Old Dominion 64-52 in the next round. — BB63. No. 14 Stephen F. Austin 70, No. 3 West Virginia 56 (2016, First Round)Thomas Walkup scored 33 to lead the Lumberjacks to a convincing first-round win against the Mountaineers. No. 6 Notre Dame edged Stephen F. Austin 76-75 in the second round. — BB62. No. 14 Murray State 78, No. 3 N.C. State 75 (1988, First Round)Jeff Martin scored 23 points to help the Racers beat a Wolfpack team that featured the “Fire and Ice” combination of Rodney Monroe and Chris Corchiani. No. 6 Kansas beat the Racers 61-58 in the second round. — BB61. No. 8 Villanova 59, No. 1 Michigan 55 (1985, Second Round)Honestly, it was games such as this that led to the reputation the Wolverines still carried four years later, when they finally broke through to a title. In this one, despite the presence of such talents as Roy Tarpley, Gary Grant, Richard Rellford and Antoine “The Judge” Joubert, they found no way to push the pace and defended so haphazardly they put the Wildcats on the line for 31 free throws. Led by Dwayne McClain’s eight field goals and 20 points, Villanova scored 34 points from the field — and still won by two baskets. — MDUPSET CITY: Reliving the wildest opening venue in Tournament history60. No. 14 Richmond 62, No. 3 South Carolina 61 (1998, First Round)The Spiders will have a few more appearances on this list, but in this tournament Jarod Stevenson matched South Carolina’s B.J. McKie with 24 points to propel the victory. No. 11 Washington beat the Spiders 81-66 in the following round. — BB59. No. 10 Davidson 73, No. 3 Wisconsin 56 (2008, Sweet 16)By the time the Wildcats arrived in the Detroit area to contest the NCAA Tournament Midwest Region, it was fair to wonder if any result they produced would be considered an upset. Everyone knew by then Stephen Curry was extraordinary. He’d scored 70 points in two games and knocked off two higher seeds. There seemed little doubt the best player in the game would belong to Davidson, but the Badgers owned the nation’s No. 3 defense and rolled to a 31-4 record. Wisconsin forward Joe Krabbenhoft will tell you now that no matter what his team did to try to stifle Curry’s magic, it never was enough. — MD58. No. 13 Manhattan 77, No. 4 Oklahoma 67 (1995, First Round)Fran Fraschilla guided the Jaspers to an upset of Oklahoma in the first round behind 14 points from Jeronimo Bucero. Four Manhattan players scored double digits. The Jaspers were a rare at-large bid out of the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference after compiling a 25-4 record in the regular season. “When we got the at-large bid I said that the selection committee was composed of nine very astute basketball people,” Fraschilla said via the New York Times. “I would not have cried if we didn’t get in. But I’m happy that we won and that we’ve vindicated the selection committee’s decision.” — BB57. No. 14 Arkansas-Little Rock 90, No. 3 Notre Dame 83 (1986, First Round) Pete Myers, Michael Clarke and Myron Jackson dumped in 29, 27 and 22 points, respectively, against the stunned Fighting Irish. The Trojans lost 80-66 in overtime to No. 6 N.C. State in the second round. — BB56. No. 13 Morehead State 62, No. 4 Louisville 61 (2011, First Round) Demonte Harper hit the go-ahead 3-pointer with 4.2 seconds left to help the Eagles score a win over the in-state powerhouse. No. 12 Richmond beat Morehead State 65-48 in the second round. — BB55. No. 9 UTEP 66, No. 1 Kansas 60 (1992, Second Round)Don Haskins made history with Texas Western’s 1966 NCAA championship victory over Kentucky, and he coached another seven seasons after this one. But his dissection of an excellent KU team featuring Rex Walters and Adonis Jordan was like the final opus of an aging genius. The Miners didn’t have any all-time greats, no All-Americans, but Haskins recognized the Jayhawks would have trouble defending his team’s dynamic ball-handlers. UTEP made one 3-pointer all night, but there were more than a few layups by Johnny Melvin (18 points) and Marlon Maxey (14). — MD54. No. 13 San Diego 70, No. 4 UConn 69 (2008, First Round) SN WAS THERE: This was part of the unforgettable day in Tampa, when four seeds 12 and higher all pulled off upsets on the same day in the same city. This game was part of the “Upset City” feature I did. Instead of rehashing here, take a couple minutes to read Gyno Pomare’s memories of that day. Pomare scored 22 points and San Diego upended Connecticut in overtime when De’Jon Jackson’s jumper with 1.2 seconds left gave the Toreros the lead. — RF53. No. 14 Weber State 79, No. 3 Michigan State 72 (1995, First Round)Ruben Nembhard scored 27 to lead Weber State to a victory against the Spartans, despite 28 points from MSU’s Shawn Respert. No. 6 Georgetown edged the Wildcats 53-51 in the second round. — BB52. No. 13 Vermont 60, No. 4 Syracuse 57 (2005, First Round) Germain Mopa Njila scored 20 and Taylor Coppenrath added 16 to lead the Catamounts to an upset win against the Orange. T.J. Sorrentine hit the game-clinching 3-pointer in overtime for the victory. No. 5 Michigan State beat Vermont 72-61 in the second round. — BB51. No. 13 Bradley 77, No. 4 Kansas 73 (2006, First Round) Marcellus Sommerville scored 21 points on five 3-pointers to help the Braves shock the Jayhawks. Bradley went on to beat No. 5 Pitt 72-66 in the next round before losing 80-64 to No. 1 Memphis in the Sweet 16. — BB50. No. 9 Penn 72, No. 1 North Carolina 71 (1979, Second Round)Penn had to defeat Iona and star Jeff Ruland to get to this game — Gaels coach Jim Valvano would make upset history of his own a few years later — but this was the one that genuinely began Penn’s improbable run to the Ivy League’s last (to be optimistic, we could say most recent) Final Four. Guard Tony Price was the Ivy League Player of the Year, and he had an excellent tournament all the way through the Quakers’ one-sided Final Four loss to Michigan State, but his 25-point effort on 12-of-18 shooting against the Tar Heels was the performance of his career. — MD49. No. 13 Kent State 77, No. 4 Indiana 73 (2001, First Round) Trevor Huffman scored 24 points to lead the Golden Flashes from a 42-34 halftime deficit to a victory against the Hoosiers. These teams would meet in the Elite Eight the next season, a game Indiana won 81-69. — BB48. No. 14 East Tennessee State 87, No. 3 Arizona 80 (1992, First Round)Rodney English scored 21 points for the Buccaneers to beat the Wildcats. ETSU was knocked out in the second round by Michigan’s “Fab Five.” — BB47. No. 14 Chattanooga 73, No. 3 Georgia 70 (1997, First Round) Willie Young scored 24 and Johnny Taylor added 19 to beat the Bulldogs. The Mocs beat No. 6 Illinois 75-63 in the next round to advance to the Sweet 16 before losing 71-65 to No. 10 Providence. — BB46. No. 14 Georgia State 57, No. 3 Baylor 56 (2015, First Round) R.J. Hunter buried a memorable game-winning 3-pointer that literally knocked coach Ron Hunter out of his chair. No. 6 Xavier beat the Panthers 75-67 in the second round. — BB45. No. 9 Wichita State 70, No. 2 Ohio State 66 (2013, Elite Eight)The Buckeyes had finished the season strong, winning eight games in a row heading into the NCAA Tournament. Deshaun Thomas led the team with 19.8 points per game and defensive wizard Aaron Craft, the team’s point guard, made life miserable for opposing backcourts. Even though Wichita State had already knocked off top-seeded Gonzaga in the second round (more on that later), the country was still figuring out just how good Gregg Marshall’s team really was. The Shockers blitzed Ohio State early and often, building a 13-point lead at halftime and boosting that to as much as 20 in the second half before the Buckeyes started to rally. They trimmed the lead to just three points, but Wichita State made enough plays down the stretch to send the Buckeyes home disappointed. — RF44. No. 14 Chattanooga 75, No. 6 Illinois 63 (1997, Second Round)If anyone thought the Mocs’ first-round upset of Georgia was a fluke, those sentiments were quickly put to rest when they followed up with a resounding win over 6-seed Illinois. Chattanooga bullied the undersized Illini in the second half, limiting them to just one bucket in the final 9:52 of play and going on a 16-1 run late in the game. Willie Young led Chattanooga with 15 points while Chris Mims put up 12 points and 10 rebounds. With the win, a 14-seed advanced to the Sweet 16 for only the second time in Tournament history. — ZA43. No. 14 Cleveland State 75, No. 6 Saint Joseph’s 69 (1986, Second Round)The Vikings had just beaten 3-seed Indiana to open the tournament, but third-year coach Kevin Mackey put on a public front to make it seem his team had little chance to beat the Hawks. The psychological ploy seems to have worked, as Clinton Smith, Clinton Ransey and Mouse McFadden combined for 56 points in the Vikings’ second stunning win of the tournament. With the win, they became the first 14-seed to make the Sweet 16. — ZA42. No. 15 Florida Gulf Coast 81, No. 7 San Diego State 71 (2013, Second Round)Not the biggest upset by FGCU in this tournament, but an important one all the same. After FGCU dunked all over 2-seed Georgetown to open the NCAA Tournament, the Eagles turned around and did the same to the Aztecs, thrilling the crowd with thunderous dunks and alley-oops en route to an 81-71 win. Moreover, this win made Florida Gulf Coast the tournament’s first-ever 15-seed to make the Sweet 16. — ZA41. No. 14 UAB 60, No. 3 Iowa State 59 (2015, First Round) The Blazers entered the tournament with 15 losses but earned their bid by sweeping the Conference USA Tournament. Robert Brown led the upset of the Cyclones with 21 points. No. 11 UCLA beat UAB 92-75 in the second round. — BBMORE: Beware the Fagan Jinx40. No. 13 Navy 78, No. 4 LSU 55 (1985, First Round) Is it really an upset when “The Admiral” is involved? David Robinson had 18 points and 18 boards for Navy in a blowout. ”Navy totally took us out of everything,” LSU coach Dale Brown said afterward via the New York Times. ”It wasn’t a fluke that Navy won. They just totally dominated us and waxed us. This is a moment of embarrassment. These are the moments when you wonder why you coach.”The Midshipmen lost 64-59 to No. 5 Maryland, led by Len Bias, in the next round. — BB39. No. 11 Loyola-Chicago 63, No. 3 Tennessee 62 (2018, Second Round)How does an 11-seed follow up a buzzer-beating upset in the first round? With another, of course. The Ramblers became the Cinderella of the 2018 tournament when its game-winning shot landed against Tennessee with 3.6 seconds remaining; Loyola’s Aundre Jackson led the game in scoring off the bench with a 16-point effort. The Ramblers made good on the opportunity, beating 7-seed Nevada in the Sweet 16 and 9-seed Kansas State in the Elite Eight. They lost to eventual runner-up Michigan in the Final Four, but it was part of a run that saw them make their first Final Four since their 1963 title win. I’d call that a win any day. — ZA38. No. 14 Northwestern State 64, No. 3 Iowa 63 (2006, First Round) Jermaine Wallace hit the game-winning 3-pointer with less than a second left to knock the Hawkeyes out of the tournament. No. 6 West Virginia beat the Demons 67-54 in the second round. — BB37. No. 13 Buffalo 89, No. 4 Arizona 68 (2018, First Round)The shock value isn’t in the upset. It’s the score. The MAC champions routed the Wildcats in a game in which guard Wes Clark and Jeremy Harris combined for 48 points. Deandre Ayton was held to 14 points, and the Pac-12 champs bowed out early. — BB36. No. 14 Harvard 68, No. 3 New Mexico 62 (2013, First Round)SN WAS THERE: Nobody wants to play an Ivy League school in the tournament. Those kids have a nice history of pulling off big upsets (or nearly doing so). Princeton is the most well-known (hi, UCLA), Penn made a Final Four run in 1979, Cornell had a Sweet 16 run in 2010 and Harvard did the league proud against the Lobos on this day. This is the only time I’ve seen an Ivy team in person in the NCAA Tournament, so of course Harvard won.Siyani Chambers, Harvard’s freshman point guard, is who stands out from this game for me. He was far from the biggest guy on the court, but he was absolutely the toughest. He only scored five points, but his seven assists were huge. Harvard shot 52.4 percent in the game, made 16 of its 20 free throws and won the game behind 18 points from Wesley Saunders. — RF35. No. 14 Ohio 97, No. 3 Georgetown 83 (2010, First Round)Armon Bassett scored 32 for Ohio, which hit 13 of 23 3-point attempts in a convincing victory against the Hoyas, the largest by a No. 14 seed until Stephen F. Austin matched that margin in 2016. Tennessee beat the Bobcats 83-68 in the second round, but that doesn’t stop this from being one of my favorite March Madness memories. — BB34. No. 13 Murray State 66, No. 4 Vanderbilt 65 (2010, First Round)SN WAS THERE: I want to make an observation first: You know the Fagan Jinx is crazy when a true buzzer-beating game-winner, from a 13-seed knocking out a 4-seed, is this low on the list. Just crazy. Murray State entered the tournament as a 30-win team, and the Racers were a popular upset pick heading into the opening round. Vandy held a one-point lead with 4.2 seconds left. Murray State was inbounding the ball under its own basket. The ball came in to Isaac Miles, who drove and kicked back to Danero Thomas. Thomas took a couple dribbles, pulled up and knocked down the long jumper, the ball swishing through the net a moment after the “time’s up” red light went off behind the backboard. — RF33. No. 14 Siena 80, No. 3 Stanford 78 (1989, First Round)Marc Brown scored 32 points, including the game-winning free throws with two seconds left, to lead Siena past a Stanford team that featured Adam Keefe. No. 11 Minnesota ended the Saints’ run with an 80-67 win in the next round. — BB32. No. 14 Austin Peay 68, No. 3 Illinois 67 (1987, First Round) At halftime of a tie game, ESPN analyst Dick Vitale proclaimed that, if Illinois lost to the Governors, he’d stand on his head. The Ohio Valley Conference Tournament champions built a seven-point lead in the second half but needed a pair of free throws from Tony Raye in the final seconds to clinch the victory. Within the year, Vitale visited the Clarksville, Tenn., campus and made good on his promise. In the second round, the Governors fell just three points short in overtime against Providence. — RF31. No. 9 Wichita State 76, No. 1 Gonzaga 70 (2013, Second Round)SN WAS THERE: The truth is, my favorite game from Salt Lake City that weekend was Gonzaga’s opening game against 16-seed Southern. I truly thought I might see upset history that day. The Jaguars were as fearless as they were relentless; the game was tied at 54-54 after big man Brandon Moore tried to dunk over future NBA first-round pick Kelly Olynyk (he was fouled and made the free throws to tie the contest). That audacity, that “we belong” belief, was one of the most stunning moments I’ve ever witnessed live. Gonzaga escaped with a 64-58 win.As for the actual game on this list. … After his Shockers dispatched Pitt in the opening round, Wichita State coach Gregg Marshall came out to press row and watched some of the Gonzaga game, sitting next to a couple of us writers. Clearly, Marshall saw important things from press row that helped in the second round. That Wichita State team was so very good.The Shockers didn’t win because of a fluky shooting day or anything like that. The Shockers were a better team than Gonzaga — and that was a damn good Gonzaga team. Freshmen Ron Baker and Fred VanVleet and sophomore Tekele Cotton were clearly stars on the rise. Cleanthony Early, a juco transfer, was a stud. Seniors Malcolm Armstead and Carl Hall were the ideal leaders. Let’s just say, after watching that group take care of Gonzaga, I wasn’t even remotely surprised the Shockers made the Final Four. — RF30. No. 14 Weber State 76, No. 3 North Carolina 74 (1999, First Round)In their first year under Bill Guthridge — he took over when legendary coach Dean Smith stepped down — the Tar Heels went to the Final Four. But Vince Carter and Antawn Jamison left for the NBA after the season and Shammond Williams was a senior on that team. The 1998-99 Tar Heels were led by point guard Ed Cota, big man Brendan Haywood and leading scorer Ademola Okulaja and still spent the entire year in the top 15 spots of the AP poll. When they got to this game against Weber State, though, they couldn’t stop Harold Arceneaux. You probably remember him by his nickname, “The Show” which was well earned after he dropped 36 points on the Tar Heels. Led by Arceneaux’s heroics, Weber State built a big lead in the second half and made just enough free throws down the stretch to hold off the Tar Heels. — RF29. No. 11 George Mason 65, No. 3 North Carolina 60 (2006, Second Round)The Patriots earned their way to the second round by beating 6-seed Michigan State for the team’s first tournament win ever. Up next, they faced off against defending NCAA champion UNC. George Mason handled their business again, upending UNC 65-60 thanks to an 18-point effort from Lamar Butler and a defense that held the Tar Heels to 35.9 percent from the floor. That was part of a run that saw the Patriots make it all the way to the Final Four, cementing them as one of the tournament’s all-time Cinderella teams. — ZA28. No. 10 Gonzaga 82, No. 2 Stanford 74 (1999, Second Round)The game that formally introduced the Bulldogs as a rising mid-major power couldn’t have come against a better opponent. The 10-seed Bulldogs, champions of the West Coast Conference and making just their second tournament appearance ever, found themselves facing Pac-10 champion Stanford in the second round. By beating Stanford, Gonzaga eliminated the Pac-10’s last remaining participant. That set up a run of 20 consecutive appearances 20 years later. — ZA27. No. 13 Valparaiso 70, No. 4 Ole Miss 69 (1998, First Round)This may not have been the biggest upset as far as seeds are concerned, but it produced one of the most iconic moments — and the most perfectly executed buzzer-beating play — in tournament history. Here’s the scene: Valpo trailed the Bulldogs by two with 2.5 seconds left. From the opposite baseline, Jamie Sykes launched a 55-foot pass to Bill Jenkins, who fired off a touch pass of his own before his feet touched the ground. Bryce Drew, the coach’s son, caught the ball and drained a 3-pointer as the clock expired. The Crusaders then beat Florida State in overtime before losing to Rhode Island in the Sweet 16. — RF26. No. 13 Richmond 72, No. 4 Indiana 69 (1988, First Round)The Spiders knocked off Keith Smart and the defending national champions behind 21 points from Rodney Rice. Richmond also beat No. 5 Georgia Tech to advance to the Sweet 16 before falling to No. 1 Temple 69-47. — BB25. No. 9 Northern Iowa 69, No. 1 Kansas 67 (2010, Second Round)Northern Iowa had a history of NCAA Tournament upsets before this one (more on that later), but what made this game stand out most was the gutsy shot near the end of the game by UNI’s Ali Farokhmanesh. The Panthers held a 63-62 lead over Kansas with 42.8 seconds left to play. Instead of slowing the pace or waiting for the Jayhawks to foul, however, UNI moved the ball down the court in five seconds, where an open Farokhmanesh found himself unguarded. He threw caution to the wind, splashing a 3 to make it 66-62. That play typified the upset and set up the 69-67 win. — ZA24. No. 15 Coppin State 78, No. 2 South Carolina 65 (1997, First Round) Coppin State didn’t just beat its second-seeded foe; the 30-point underdogs throttled the Gamecocks down the stretch and won by 13. It was not only the first NCAA Tournament victory for Coppin State but also the first for any Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference school. The Eagles almost pulled off another shocker in the second round, but Texas came up with a steal in the final seconds to hold on for a one-point win. — RF23. No. 6 Kansas 83, No. 1 Oklahoma 79 (1988, title game)In the debate about the greatest title-game performances ever, there is Bill Walton’s 21-of-22 shooting against Memphis in 1973, and there is Danny Manning’s masterpiece against the Sooners. The difference: UCLA would have won even if Walton merely had played great. The Jayhawks — Danny and the Miracles — needed every one of Manning’s 31 points, 18 rebounds, 5 steals and 2 blocks to defeat a team featuring future pros Stacey King, Harvey Grant and Mookie Blaylock. The other five KU starters (Jeff Gueldner, Milt Newton, Chris Piper and Kevin Pritchard) shot 81 percent from the floor. If you think about it, the Miracles don’t get enough credit, either. — MD22. No. 11 Loyola-Marymount 149, No. 3 Michigan 115 (1990, Second Round)From the opening tip, it was obvious Michigan — the defending national champions, who had six future NBA players on its roster and whose coach Steve Fisher was 7-0 in the NCAA Tournament — stood no chance against the Lions. The Wolverines tried to play with Loyola’s insanely up-tempo pace (the Lions had already put up 111 points on 6-seed New Mexico State in the opening round), but couldn’t keep up with the likes of Jeff Fryer (41 points), Bo Kimble (37), Terrell Lowery (23) and Per Stumer (21). The Lions could have put up 150 if they hadn’t mercifully held the ball in closing minutes of a dominant win. — ZA21. No. 14 Northern Iowa 74, No. 3 Missouri 71 (1990, First Round)This was arguably legendary coach Norm Stewart’s best team at Missouri. Led by stars Anthony Peeler and Doug Smith, the Tigers spent the entire season inside the top seven of the AP poll, including four weeks at No. 1 (most in school history in one year). They knocked off seven top-15 teams and swept the season series from Kansas — the Jayhawks were ranked No. 1 both times the teams played — including Mizzou’s 77-71 win in Allen Fieldhouse on Feb. 13. The Tigers struggled a bit to end the season, losing three of their final four, which is why they slipped to a No. 3 seed despite a 26-5 record.The struggles continued in the tournament, obviously. Northern Iowa, which had gone just 9-6 in the Mid-Continent Conference during the regular season before winning the league’s auto bid, jumped out to an 11-point halftime lead and extended that advantage to 15 points with about five-and-a-half minutes left. Missouri came roaring back to tie the game at 71, but Panthers junior reserve Maurice Newby (he averaged 4.9 points) drained a rainbow 3-pointer with two seconds left to send Missouri home with a hard-to-swallow defeat. — RFMORE: SN ranks best buzzer-beaters in March Madness history20. No. 9 Saint Joseph’s 49, No. 1 DePaul 48 (1981 Second Round)It is easy to forget how dominant DePaul was in the early 1980s, with future NBA greats Mark Aguirre and Terry Cummings populating the frontcourt. Hawks coach Jim Lynam certainly understood, which is why he concocted a gameplan based on the “Four to Score” offense — a ball-control approach based on the Four Corners slowdown game. With no shot clock to force the Hawks to attack, they were patient and waited for the defense to crack — and limited the number of times Aguirre (3-of-6) and Cummings (3-of-10) could impact the game. The Blue Demons still led by a point with 13 seconds left, but Skip Dillard missed the front end of a 1-and-1, and Saint Joe’s raced toward a buzzer-beating layup by forward John Smith. — MD19. No. 13 Princeton 43, No. 4 UCLA 41 (1996, First Round) The year before, UCLA barely escaped an upset bid in the second round (Tyus Edney’s buzzer-beating layup stunned Missouri) and wound up winning the national championship. This team wouldn’t be so fortunate. The Bruins, who came into the game as Pac-10 champions, had five players averaging between 10 and 15 points per contest. They’d won 10 of their final 12 games and were averaging 78.6 points per game. And Princeton shut them down. The Tigers made UCLA play their pace and didn’t give the athletically superior Bruins anything easy on offense. UCLA shot just 38.5 percent from the field that game, including a last-second shot by Toby Bailey that was off the mark. The winning basket for Princeton? A backdoor cut, of course. — RF18. No. 10 Davidson 74, No. 2 Georgetown 70 (2008, Second Round)The Hoyas entered the game separated by eight seed lines and a gulf of recognition. Georgetown was one of the most established brands in the game. Stephen Curry had made an enormous statement with 40 points against Gonzaga, but there were those who wondered if that was just one mid-major darling eliminating another. The Hoyas found out this was not the case. They certainly knew who he was after their coaches presented a scouting report and did well to hold him to five first-half-points on the way to building a 17-point second-half lead. But Curry introduced himself to America with 25 second-half points that produced one of the tournament’s more memorable comebacks. — MD17. No. 15 Hampton 58, No. 2 Iowa State 57 (2001, First Round) The image of Hampton coach Steve Merfeld pumping his fists as he was being lifted up by Pirates player David Johnson is one that makes almost every NCAA Tournament highlight reel. Hampton, making its first appearance in the Big Dance, took the lead on a short basket in the lane by Tarvis Williams with 6.9 seconds left and then watched as Iowa State guard Jamaal Tinsley’s layup attempt rolled off the rim. Hampton lost to Georgetown in the second round. — RF16. No. 14 Mercer 78, No. 3 Duke 71 (2014, First Round)The Blue Devils were ranked fourth in the country in the first AP Poll of March, and they were still eighth when the NCAA Tournament started (a hiccup loss at Wake Forest knocked them back a bit). This Duke team featured two starters who would be first-round draft picks a few months later in star freshman Jabari Parker (he went No. 2 overall) and sophomore transfer Rodney Hood (he went 23rd). Experienced guards Quinn Cook (junior) and Tyler Thornton (senior) controlled the backcourt, with scorers Rasheed Sulaimon and Andre Dawkins combining to contribute a shade under 18 points a game. This game was tight throughout, but the Blue Devils looked to be in command as they scratched out a five-point lead (63-58) with just under five minutes remaining. That’s when the wheels fell off. Mercer outscored Duke 20-8 the rest of the way, becoming the second consecutive Atlantic Sun team to pull off a shocking upset in this tournament (Florida Gulf Coast knocked off second-seeded Georgetown the year before). And, of course, Mercer’s upset led to this moment of joyous celebration. — RF15. No. 2 Duke 79, No. 1 UNLV 77 (1991, Final Four)Yep, this is the only No. 2 seed to make the list in a positive way. But with all the background leading up to this one (UNLV having knocked off Duke in the 1990 championship game by 30 points and being undefeated heading into this one) it was truly stunning. — RF14. No. 11 LSU 59, No. 1 Kentucky 57 (1986, Elite Eight)The Wildcats, under head coach Eddie Sutton, had won 14 in a row (and 22 of 23) heading into this game, with senior big man Kenny Walker leading the way with his averages of 20 points and nearly eight rebounds per game. Three of those victories, by the way, were against LSU (by two, 11 and three points). Maybe the fourth time was the charm. LSU coach Dale Brown mixed up his defensive looks constantly, doing whatever he could to keep the 32-3 Wildcats from getting into a rhythm. It worked well enough. Kentucky had been held under 60 points only one other time that season. It was the second big upset for LSU that weekend; in the Sweet 16, Brown’s Tigers knocked off No. 2 seed Georgia Tech by six points. — RF13. No. 15 Norfolk State 86, No. 2 Missouri 84 (2012, First Round)Norfolk State’s starting five was unreal against the heavily favored Tigers — those five combined to shoot 60.4 percent from the field, including 62.5 from beyond the 3-point line. Three of them (Kyle O’Quinn, Chris McEachin and Pendarvis Williams) scored 20 points or more for the Spartans, and as a team they averaged an insane 1.30 points per possession for the game to knock off a Missouri squad that had been one of the season’s feel-good turnaround stories. — RF12. No. 14 Bucknell 64, No. 3 Kansas 63 (2005, First Round)Kansas, the preseason No. 1, was 20-1 at one point during the season, but the Jayhawks had lost five of eight heading into the tournament. Bucknell, which had never won an NCAA Tournament game, took the lead on a hook shot by Chris McNaughton with 10.5 seconds left. Then the Bison held their breath as Wayne Simien’s 15-foot jump shot fell short at the buzzer. Bucknell’s win was the first for a member of the Patriot League. The Bison lost to Wisconsin in the second round. — RF11. No. 15 Middle Tennessee State 90, No. 2 Michigan State 81 (2016, First Round) SN WAS THERE: The Spartans climbed into infamous bracket-buster lore after falling to the Blue Raiders in the most unexpected turn of the 2016 tournament. Stunning. Michigan State wasn’t just expected to make it to the Final Four, but was a favorite by many to win the whole thing. But MTSU of Conference USA — which should have been a 13 seed, at worst — had other designs. Middle Tennessee made its first six shots: a jumper, a layup, a 3-pointer, another 3-pointer, a layup and yet another trey. And it did so against a Spartans team heralded for its defense. Reggie Upshaw led MTSU with 21 points. Denzel Valentine, Michigan State’s standout senior guard turned the ball over six times, missed 5 of 8 3-point attempts and managed just 13 points (and 12 assists). — RF10. No. 15 Florida Gulf Coast 78, No. 2 Georgetown 68 (2013, First Round)The Hoyas, who were led by Big East Player of the Year and future No. 3 overall NBA Draft pick Otto Porter, had won 12 of their final 13 regular-season games to finish tied for first place in the rugged Big East. Florida Gulf Coast, which wasn’t even a full Division I member until 2011, and which was making the school’s first trip to the tournament, had finished second in the Atlantic Sun. The game was a complete disaster for Georgetown. Florida Gulf Coast broke a 31-31 second-half tie with a stunning 21-2 run, part of a 54-point second half. It wasn’t just that the Eagles beat the Hoyas; they buried Georgetown with an array of deep 3-pointers from Sherwood Brown and jaw-dropping dunks by Chase Fieler and his teammates. And after Fieler threw down this alley-oop from Brett Comer, FGCU went 11 for 14 from the free throw line to secure the emphatic upset. — RF9. No. 15 Lehigh 75, No. 2 Duke 70 (2012, First Round)SN WAS THERE: Anytime an underdog even shows a hint of possibly pulling off an upset, every fan in the building not rooting for the higher seed becomes a fan of the underdog. Everybody loves an underdog. This one, though? This one was special. See, North Carolina was also in Greensboro that weekend, as the No. 1 seed in the Midwest region, and there were a lot of Tar Heels fans in the crowd. That meant Lehigh had a lot of newbie fans in the stands.As is the case with most rivalries, UNC fans looooooooove to see the Blue Devils lose. And seeing the Blue Devils lose as a No. 2 seed in the opening round of the NCAA Tournament? That’s pretty much the dream scenario. Every time Lehigh scored or grabbed a rebound or any time Duke missed a shot or made a turnover, the UNC fans went crazy. It’s safe to say that was the largest pro-Lehigh crowd the Mountain Hawks had seen all season, and they didn’t disappoint. Behind 30 points from C.J. McCollum — who has played in front of plenty of big NBA crowds since 2012 — Lehigh pulled off the stunner, just hours after another No. 15 seed, Norfolk State, upended No. 2 seed Mizzou. — RF8. No. 14 Cleveland State 83, No. 3 Indiana 79 (1986, First Round) The Hoosiers were an incredibly talented team, but it had been a contentious season in Bloomington. The season, in fact, is the subject of John Feinstein’s classic book, “A Season on the Brink.” Indiana had won 13 of 16 games down the stretch, but fell to Michigan on the road by 28 points with first place on the line in the Big Ten. Steve Alford led the Hoosiers with a touch over 22 points a game and Indiana entered the tournament with a 21-7 record.They weren’t quite ready for Cleveland State’s frenetic pressure, which seemed to rattle the Hoosiers. The Vikings ratcheted up the tempo whenever possible. Cleveland State never trailed in the second half and wound up winning behind 27 points from Clinton Ransey. With a very similar roster next season, the Hoosiers won the national title. And the year after that? They lost in the first round, again, as a No. 4 seed. — RF7. No. 8 Villanova 66, No. 1 Georgetown 64 (1985, title game)I know, I know. You were expecting this to be No. 2, at worst. But here’s the thing: It makes for a great David and Goliath story, but Villanova was pretty darn good. In the 1985 and 1986 NBA Drafts, three starters went in the top 30 picks (Ed Pinckney at 10 and Dwayne McClain at 27 in 1985 and Harold Pressley at 17 in 1986; Gary McLain went in the seventh round in 1985). Factor in that Villanova had already played Georgetown tough TWICE that year — losses by only two points and seven points — and, sorry, it doesn’t make for a top-five all-time upset. — RF6. No. 6 N.C. State 54, No. 1 Houston 52 (1983, title game)Sports talk radio was not the ubiquitous enterprise four decades ago that it is now, but pretty much every city had a show or two. And the topic on some of those programs was not which team would win, but did N.C. State even have a chance? If you watched closely as the Pack advanced with coach Jim Valvano pulling the strings, you saw no team had a better chance at dealing with the Cougars’ amazing frontcourt talent. State specialized in controlling tempo. When Houston coach Guy Lewis tried to protect his team’s lead by slowing down its attack, the Pack were in their element. — MD5. No. 15 Santa Clara 64, No. 2 Arizona 61 (1993, First Round) Arizona had only lost one game since Christmas, going 22-1 after starting the season with a 2-2 mark. The Wildcats were stacked — Chris Mills led the way with an average of 20.4 points per game that year, and Khalid Reeves, Ed Stokes and Damon Stoudamire all chipped in at least 11 points per game each. They were ranked No. 5 in the country coming into this game, and there’s no way they were overlooking their opponent, considering the Wildcats had been upended by 14th-seeded East Tennessee State the year before in the tournament.Here’s the truly stunning thing about this game. In the middle of the contest, Arizona rattled off a 25-0 run — they scored the last 14 points of the first half and the first 11 of the second. How does a No. 15 seed survive that? Well, it helps to have future two-time MVP Steve Nash as your point guard. When Mills went to the bench with his fourth foul early in the second half, Arizona was still up double digits; the lead quickly started to disappear. The Wildcats wound up going more than 15 minutes without a field goal, and became only the second team ever to lose an opening-round game as a No. 2 seed. — RF4. No. 11 VCU 71, No. 1 Kansas 61 (2011, Elite Eight)SN WAS THERE: Kansas, which had only two losses all year and was a very deserving No. 1 seed, beat Boston, Illinois and Richmond by double digits before its Elite Eight matchup with VCU. The Rams, a controversial at-large team placed in the First Four, nipped 10-seed Florida State by a single point in overtime, setting up what most thought would be another easy win for Kansas. That didn’t happen, as you know. That VCU team was playing with an incredible amount of confidence, an unshakable belief that its “Havoc” defense installed by charismatic coach Shaka Smart could shake up any team in the country. I’ve seen bigger upsets, but I’m not sure I’ve ever seen a team that was more stunned at the end of a loss than those Jayhawks. I remember walking back to my hotel along the RiverWalk after the game and passing a restaurant with blue and red streamers and a sign that said something along the lines of “Kansas postgame victory party here!” The restaurant was empty. — RF3. No. 11 George Mason 86, No. 1 UConn 84 (2006, Elite Eight)The Huskies spent five weeks ranked No. 1 in the AP Poll that year, and their “worst” ranking all season was No. 4. They entered this game with a sparkling 30-3 record. Led by consensus second-team All-American (and future NBA star) Rudy Gay and point guard Marcus Williams, UConn was the one of the favorites to win the national championship under coach Jim Calhoun. George Mason had knocked off Michigan State (a Final Four team in 2005) and North Carolina (the defending national champion) on the opening weekend and then beat 7-seed Wichita State in the Sweet 16. The confident Patriots stayed with their workhorses against UConn — coach Jim Larranaga didn’t make a single substitution after the 10:37 mark of regulation — and shot 50 percent (9 for 18) from 3-point range in the game. Mason never trailed in overtime. — RF2. No. 15 Richmond 73, No. 2 Syracuse 69 (1991, First Round)Until this game, a 2-seed had never lost in the NCAA Tournament, and Syracuse didn’t seem like a likely candidate to be the first. They were led by consensus first-team All-American Billy Owens, a 6-8 dynamo who was averaging better than 23 points and 11 rebounds per game. After the season, he was picked No. 3 overall in the NBA draft by the Sacramento Kings. Syracuse was 26-5 on the season and hadn’t been ranked lower than No. 8 in the AP Poll all season. Richmond coach Dick Tarrant was an upset genius, though, and he worked his magic for the Spiders again in 1991 (Richmond had knocked off Indiana as a No. 13 seed in 1988). The Spiders jumped out to a quick advantage and held it the rest of the game, even as Syracuse mounted a frantic charge late in the game. The Spiders made enough free throws to ensure history was made that day. — RF It’s not March Madness until there’s an upset.The NCAA Tournament has given us plenty of bracket-busting games over the years, and Sporting News has had the privilege to cover some of those maddening upsets. The best part? Each upset seems new. They’ve never gotten old, and never will.