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first_img30th April 2019 | By contenteditor Topics: Casino & games Legal & compliance Sports betting Horse racing Colorado bill progresses in Senate following House approval Regions: US Colorado Tags: Mobile Online Gambling OTB and Betting Shops Race Track and Racino A sports betting bill introduced earlier in April has been voted through the Colorado’s House of Representatives and transferred to the Senate, but only has until May 3 to progress through the state legislature. The bill has already been passed by the Finance and Appropriations Committees in the upper chamber. Casino & games A sports betting bill introduced earlier in April has been voted through the Colorado’s House of Representatives and transferred to the Senate, but only has until May 3 to progress through the state legislature.HB19-1327 was introduced on April 18, and quickly progressed through the House, passing at its third vote with 58 Representatives backing the bill and six voting against. The bill has now been transferred to the Senate, and passed by that chamber’s Finance and Appropriations Committees.HB19-1327 establishes the Colorado Gaming Control Commission to regulate the sector, and imposes a 10% gross revenue tax on sports betting operators.Should the bill pass through the Senate before the legislative session ends on Friday (May 3), this tax component will then need to be put to Colorado voters to be ratified. This could take place in November, when the state holds a general election.While exact licence fees are not set out in the bill, it says that any licence or renewal fee should cover the Commission’s costs of processing each application and conducting background checks. This sum, it says, must not exceed $125,000 (£115,593/$133,871).Three types of licences will be on offer, with the state’s 33 land-based casinos required to secure a master licence to operate sports betting, which will be valid for two years. With the master licence, the operator would be able to contract entities holding either of the other licences on offer; sports betting operator and internet sports betting operator licences.Each master licensee may contract with one sports betting operator licence holder – covering land-based wagering – and one internet operator licensee. As with the master licence, these two licence types run for two years.Revenue raised through the tax on sports betting will be deposited in the Sports Betting Fund, created through HB19-1327. This money will be used to pay off any money owed to the State General Fund to cover the Commission’s start-up costs, as well as covering its operating expenses.A further 6% will be transferred to the Hold Harmless Fund, which will be used to mitigate any loss of revenue incurred by colleges, cities, counties or horse racing entities as a result of legal wagering. They will have to submit applications for these funds to the Commission, which will issue grants annually.A further $130,000 will be allocated to the Office of Behavioural Health in the Colorado Department of Human Services to prevent and treat gambling related harm.All remaining money will be used for the Colorado Water Plan Implementation Cash Fund, which funds grants to advance projects to protect rivers, ensure the population has access to clean water, and preserve the state’s agricultural heritage.A full Senate vote on the bill is yet to be scheduled.Image: ErgoSum88 AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Email Addresslast_img read more

first_imgSimply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Edward Sheldon owns shares in Alphabet (Google). Suzanne Frey, an executive at Alphabet, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. The Motley Fool UK owns shares of and has recommended Alphabet (C shares). Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! On the internet today, you’ll find no shortage of information on how to get rich. Type ‘how to get rich’ into Google, and you’ll be hit with over 2bn (yes billion) results! There’s an awful lot to take in.Personally, I think you can simplify the process of getting rich into three very basic steps. Ultimately, owning a fortune is far simpler than most people make it out to be.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Step 1Without a doubt, the first step if you want to be wealthy is to spend less than you earn.It’s not rocket science to realise that if you spend more than you earn, as many people do, you’re going to go backwards financially. If you want to increase your wealth, you need to start by saving money.Now I realise that life’s expensive. Often, large expenses get in the way of saving. There are plenty of ways to make saving easier though.For example, paying yourself first (where you save a proportion of your salary before taking care of your other bills) is a very effective saving strategy as it forces you to prioritise saving over spending. Round-up savings apps (which most banks now offer) can also be effective.The key is to find a savings technique that works for you and stick at it. Even if you only save a little bit every month, you’ll be heading in the right direction.Step 2The next step is to grow that money by investing it. If you leave your savings sitting in a ‘high interest’ savings account, or a Cash ISA, earning 1% or so, it’s not going to grow much at all. In fact, once you factor in inflation, you’ll actually be getting poorer in real-life spending terms over time.The key, if you want to get rich, is to invest your money in assets that produce high returns over time, such as stocks and funds. By investing in these kinds of growth assets, you can take advantage of one of the most powerful forces in the universe – compounding.Over the long run, the stock market tends to generate investment returns of around 7-10% per year. What this means is, over time, stocks can transform even just a little bit of money into a huge sum, due to the amazing power of compounding. For example, if you were to invest £500 per month into stocks and earn a 9% return on your money over the long run, you’re looking at wealth of around £1m in around 33 years. Invest £10k a year and earn 9% on your money, you’ll hit £1m after just 27 years.Step 3Finally, if getting rich is your goal, it’s crucial to act sooner rather than later. By this, I mean you need to act immediately.As my calculations above show, getting rich takes time. It’s not going to happen overnight. The sooner you get started, the more chance you have of achieving your financial goals. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Edward Sheldon, CFA | Saturday, 8th February, 2020 center_img Getting rich isn’t hard. Here are the 3 things you need to do Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Enter Your Email Address Image source: Getty Images. See all posts by Edward Sheldon, CFAlast_img read more

first_img Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! The Unilever (LSE: ULVR) share price is down more than 5% today but I’m not too worried. In fact, I see that as an opportunity for me to possibly buy it at a reduced price.I’ll declare my hand right now and say that the household goods giant is one of my favourite stocks on the entire FTSE 100. I think it offers a terrific combination of share price and dividend income growth, and offers protection against downturns too.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…So whenever I see the Unilever share price trading at a discount, I get my greed on. But why are investors so fearful today? FTSE 100 household goodieThe obvious reason for the share price drop is that underlying operating profit for the year fell 5.8% to €9.4bn, with revenues down 2.4% to €50.7bn. That’s a blow, but is largely down to the pandemic as lockdowns hit sales, particularly in China and India. Some of the other numbers were more encouraging. Underlying profit rose 0.7%, at constant exchange rates. Underlying sales growth hit 3.5% in Q4. “Resilient” is the word chief executive Alan Jope used.Better still, management increased its final dividend payout by 4%. Isn’t that what you want from a defensive blue-chip? A dividend increase, even in the worst of times? Half the FTSE 100 cut their shareholder payouts last year, but Unilever didn’t. Right now, it offers a forecast yield of 3.6%, which is pretty solid, especially when you compare it to the near-zero return on cash. It is covered 1.5 times by earnings.The Unilever share price is usually rather expensive. I’ve got used to it trading at between 22 and 24 times earnings. Right now, it trades at 18.9 times forecast earnings, making it a relative bargain. The company has weathered the pandemic pretty well. Customers still need food and soap and household cleaning items, even during lockdown. I’d imagine the world needs Ben & Jerry’s more than ever, as we are stuck indoors in front of our screens. The shops that sell its products are the type of shops that are permitted to stay open, when others must close.The Unilever share price is right for meAnother attraction is that Unilever gives investors access to the US and fast-growing emerging markets. Management is now looking to build on its strong positions in the US, India and China, which make up around 35% of its turnover.So what are the downsides? Well, if vaccine success does signal the end of the pandemic, then companies operating in sectors that have been hit harder by the pandemic are likely to rebound faster. This means the share price could underperform in a recovery. It may also rack up costs meeting its sustainability commitments, as well as funding the shift towards e-commerce.Management has completed the unification of its legal structure under a single parent company, but faces restructuring costs of around €1bn for 2021 and 2022. Maybe I’m too dewy eyed about this stock, but despite these challenges, I think the Unilever share price looks a possible buy for my portfolio. See all posts by Harvey Jones Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Image source: Getty Images. Harvey Jones has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Unilever. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors.center_img I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Harvey Jones | Thursday, 4th February, 2021 | More on: ULVR Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. The Unilever share price is falling but I’d still buy this top FTSE 100 stock Enter Your Email Address “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997”last_img read more

Working-class demands in COVID economy

June 15, 2021 | mrhtxubs | No Comments

first_imgFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this The International Monetary Fund issued a warning on June 24 that the global economy faces an even deeper downturn than it previously projected, greater than any since the 1930s Great Depression. While many economists warned earlier of a cyclical downturn in the world economy, the IMF blamed the current collapse on the coronavirus pandemic alone. The pandemic brought large sectors of the world economy to a stop.The latest IMF message is that the economic crisis accompanying the pandemic is really big. And although the IMF refuses to admit it, the evidence is that capitalism and the market-driven economy are completely inadequate for resolving these crises. jThe IMF now predicts a 4.9 percent drop in world production in 2020, with more severe drops for the European Union and the United States, followed by 5.4 percent growth in 2021. In contrast, for China, the IMF predicts 1.0 percent growth in 2020 and 8.2 percent growth in 2021. The loss of production worldwide over the two years will total $12 trillion, according to the IMF. Annual gross world production is about $90 trillion.The relative success of China shows the advantage of a centrally organized economy rather than one organized to maximize profits.Given the extent of the double challenge — the pandemic and the economy — the key question to answer is: What should the working class demand to protect the poorest and most oppressed people in society and to defend workers’ interests?Demands in the United StatesA powerful ideological and accurate point is that a socialist society — motivated by mutual solidarity and striving toward equality of wealth and income — provides the best chance of overcoming the current crises. Capitalism fails.  Without closing the door on the goal of that socialist society, what demands can be raised within the U.S. that can mobilize large sectors of the population for struggle?In March, Congress quickly passed a so-called stimulus program. The trillions of dollars allocated went mainly to the biggest corporations. Congress aimed some of those funds at small businesses, although the big chains nearly grabbed those funds, too.A smaller part of the trillions went to the working class: one $1,200 stimulus payment to everyone without a big income, plus an additional $600 per week unemployment insurance payment for the tens of millions of workers destined to lose their jobs — lasting no longer than the end of July. The unemployment supplement was also supposed to cover people working in the gig economy — workers unfairly treated as “self-employed” — and anyone in the self-employed category, as well as those who lost work because of COVID-19. Some 40 million unemployed workers applied for benefits; many have had a hard time getting them.This stimulus failed to cover undocumented workers who lost their jobs or became sick, and that failure forced more to work in jobs made unsafe by the virus.By July 31, at the latest, the added benefits end. These payments were the ventilator keeping the economy alive over the past three months. Without them, tens of millions more people risk losing their homes and going hungry. And since the federal government is seeking to cut the Affordable Care Act, people may also lose medical insurance.The obvious minimum demands from the working class are that Congress (1) provide additional stimulus payments to the entire working class; (2) extend the supplemental unemployment insurance for at least another year;  and (3) extend these payments to all those who have been living and working in the U.S. with or without official papers. Those demands can be amplified to include an adequate and guaranteed income for all.Workers World Party raised a list of demands in March that are still valid. These include protecting all housing — that is, no evictions or seizure of homes. Also free medical care and testing during the pandemic. And no one should be forced to return to work under dangerous conditions.Demands throughout the worldAmong the imperialist countries of Japan, Western Europe, Canada and Australia, the situation is much like that in the United States — with more social protection and medical care in some countries.For countries that were colonies of the imperialist countries, or which are still economically dependent, mostly in the Global South, the policies of the IMF itself have contributed to the disaster their people face. The IMF has forced these governments to curtail social programs, including those providing health care and education, to give priority to repaying debts to the banks based in the imperialist countries. Thus a minimal global demand is that payments on these debts be cancelled without penalty.The imperialist countries have pillaged the Global South for centuries. Today they still reap mega-profits through their domination of the world economy, access to data, machine tools, artificial intelligence, scientific development and capital. They set lower prices on goods produced in the Global South, especially on raw materials.The imperialists owe reparations to their former colonies. They should pay reparations as part of restoring the economies of these countries and the public health systems that have been dismantled by IMF programs.And, of course, the U.S. capitalist class owes centuries of reparations to Indigenous, Black and Brown people and to the working class as a whole.Reparations now through income payments! Cancel the debts of all workers and oppressed peoples!last_img read more

first_imgLinkedin Facebook Twitter Facebook Twitter Linkedin New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo speaks during a news conference at his offices, Wednesday, March 24, 2021, in New York. (Brendan McDermid/Pool Photo via AP) Elizabeth Burns printAndrew Cuomo directed health officials to prioritize relatives’ healthNew York Governor Andrew Cuomo is said to have told health officials to prioritize the testing of his family and others close to his administration during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to Fox News. Cuomo’s brother (CNN anchor Chris Cuomo), mother and one of his sisters are all said to have been given special access to COVID-19 testing. The tests administered to Cuomo’s close circle are said to have been called “critical samples” and processed before other tests.Cuomo administration officials have denied all claims.Biden assigns Harris to oversee crisis at US-Mexican borderPresident Joe Biden listens as Vice President Kamala Harris speaks after meeting with leaders from Georgia’s Asian-American and Pacific Islander community, Friday, March 19, 2021, at Emory University in Atlanta. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)President Joe Biden has assigned Vice President Kamala Harris with overseeing the inflow of migrants at the US-Mexican border, according to CNN.This is the first major issue Biden has assigned to his VP.Harris plans to focus on controlling the flow of migrants and developing strong relationships with Central American countries based on “respect and shared values.”Man arrested at Atlanta grocery store for paraphernaliaThis photo provided by the Atlanta Police Department shows weapons Rico Marley was armed with at the time of his arrest on Wednesday, March 24, 2021. Authorities say Marley, who walked into an Atlanta grocery store with multiple guns and body armor, was spotted by a witness who immediately became suspicious and alerted management. (Atlanta Police Department via AP)A 22-year-old man who carried a rifle into an Atlanta grocery store was arrested on Wednesday, according to NBC News. The man was later found to have six guns and body armor on him and comes days after two mass shootings in the U.S..No one was injured and the motive is unclear.The suspect, Rico Marley, was booked in the Fulton County Jail on 11 charges. North Korea launches two ballistic missiles People watch a TV showing a file image of North Korea’s missile launch during a news program at the Suseo Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea, Thursday. March 25, 2021. North Korea on Thursday test-fired its first ballistic missiles since President Joe Biden took office, as it expands its military capabilities and increases pressure on Washington while nuclear negotiations remain stalled. The Korean letters read: “North Korea launches missiles this morning.” (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)North Korea has launched two ballistic missiles into the Sea of Japan, according to ABC News. The type of ballistic missiles is unknown. However, one was a medium-range ballistic missile and the other is believed to be a new variant. The missiles traveled approximately 450 kilometers with an altitude of 60 kilometers. United States officials are scheduled to discuss the situation in Washington next week.center_img ReddIt This author does not have any more posts. ReddIt What we’re reading: Chauvin found guilty in Floyd case, Xi to attend Biden’s climate change summit Abortion access threatened as restrictive bills make their way through Texas Legislature Previous articleInternational students look forward to returning to campus in the fallNext articleTCU highlights five student organizations in first weekly showcase Elizabeth Burns RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR What we’re reading: Former Vice President dies at 93, Chad President killed on frontlineslast_img read more

first_imgNews Four people from Donegal have been injured  in a crash involving a car and a jeep in the Perth suburb of Belmont.A total of eight people are  in hospital.It is understood the four Donegal people are from the Milford area. Their injuries are not thought to be life threatening and their families have been informed.One of the injured suffered a broken arm while it is understood a second suffered a broken pelvisPolice say a four wheel drive and a sedan collided at the intersection of Durban and Leake streets just before 10:00 pm local time on yesterday.Police are investigating reports one of the vehicles ran a stop sign. RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH Twitter WhatsApp Facebook Help sought in search for missing 27 year old in Letterkenny Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published Twitter Previous articleLetterkenny shoppers can’t spend a pennyNext articleMan refused bail on Buncrana armed robbery chargers News Highland 448 new cases of Covid 19 reported today center_img Google+ Google+ By News Highland – February 14, 2013 Three factors driving Donegal housing market – Robinson Facebook WhatsApp Pinterest NPHET ‘positive’ on easing restrictions – Donnelly Pinterest Four people from Donegal injured in Perth RTClast_img read more

first_imgNews UpdatesMalegaon Blasts : Purohit Produces Additional Documents To Claim He Was Discharging Official Functions Sharmeen Hakim8 April 2021 10:11 PMShare This – xThirteen years after Lt. Colonel Prasad Purohit was arrested in the 2008 Malegaon blast case, involving right-wing extremists, the officer relied on fresh documents allegedly from the Army before the Bombay High Court to substantiate a decade old claim that his acts were in discharge of his official duty.Purohit’s claim is that he attended conspiracy meetings before the 2008 Malegaon…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThirteen years after Lt. Colonel Prasad Purohit was arrested in the 2008 Malegaon blast case, involving right-wing extremists, the officer relied on fresh documents allegedly from the Army before the Bombay High Court to substantiate a decade old claim that his acts were in discharge of his official duty.Purohit’s claim is that he attended conspiracy meetings before the 2008 Malegaon blast while “discharging his duties” as an army intelligence officer and therefore sanction under Section 197 CrPC is needed to prosecute him. A division bench of Justices SS Shinde and Manish Pitale was hearing Purohit’s challenging the trial court’s decision to take cognisance of the charge sheet filed against him in the absence of a sanction from the central government u/s 197(2) of the CrPC. Accused BJP MP Pragya Singh Thakur, Sameer Kulkarni and Purohit’s appeal against the rejection of their discharge applications by the Special NIA Court was also listed for hearing.The Prosecution’s Case The Faridabad meeting from January 2008 assumes importance as it culminated in the Malegaon blast on September 29, 2008, in which 6 people lost their lives and 101 were injured, according to the investigating agency. It was during the Faridabad meeting that participants spoke about establishment of a “Hindu Rashtra” – where there is no place for Muslims or Christian, it is alleged. Purohit claimed he had tapped his sources in Israel for implementation of the ideology, in the meeting. The Hearing On Wednesday, Shivade read out relevant sections from the letters and submitted, “The letters clearly show he was acting in discharge of his duty. Sanction is a filter to this frivolous prosecution,” he said.During the hearing, the first document Purohit’s counsel Shrikant Shivade relied on is a response-letter by the Directorate General of Military Intelligence in 2018 to Purohit. In the letter, based on two military reports from 2008 the DG opines that Purohit had received some intelligence input through a “source network” and “Purohit’s superiors at appropriate level were informed of the inputs” given by the source. Shivade submitted that it was necessary for the trial judge to have decided the issue of sanction and not leave it to be decided at the time of trial. According to Purohit’s plea he attended the Faridabad meeting from January 25 and 26, 2008, in his official capacity. He contended that a sanction was necessary, but neither the Anti-Terrorism Squad that arrested him nor the NIA applied for sanction under the CrPC to prosecute him. Shivade said “The defence ministry’s replies which I have submitted were not available before. I have filed them now,” he said about the fresh documents from the DG Military Intelligence. However, the bench was of the opinion that the NIA Court should be given a chance to deal with these documents. “You admittedly say these documents were not before the special court. How can you criticise the special court then?” Justice Shinde asked. The bench asked Shivade to place short submissions on this aspect and said the case could either be kept for hearing on Tuesday or Wednesday. Shivade agreed to give the submissions and also amend the appeal against discharge, before the HC. He requested for directions for the fresh documents to be considered expeditiously by the trial court as and when they are submitted. The Blast The September 29, 2008, blast was caused by an explosive device fitted to an LML Freedom Motor Cycle. Investigations in the case pointed to alleged Hindu extremists based in Indore. Twelve people were arrested, including Pragya Singh Thakur and Lt Col Purohit. Purohit along with five others has been charged with murder, voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons, promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc, and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony, relevant sections under The Arms Act, The Indian Explosive Substance Act, and Unlawful Activities Prevention Act.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

first_imgKuzma/iStock(MINNEAPOLIS) — The prosecution in the murder trial of former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin is expected to rest its case on Tuesday, the judge presiding over the trial told jurors.Hennepin County District Court Judge Peter Cahill concluded Monday’s criminal proceedings by informing the jury that Chauvin’s attorney will begin calling defense witnesses and said the evidence portion of the trial could end as early as Thursday.Cahill said that if the defense finishes on Thursday, he will schedule closing arguments on Monday. He advised jurors that once they receive the case, they will be sequestered in a hotel for the duration of the deliberations.Medical expert says Floyd died of asphyxia“My preference is to give the attorneys more time to prepare their closing arguments and have the closing arguments, we predict, on Monday,” Cahill said. “Expect that when you report to duty on Monday it will be followed by sequestration. So, pack a bag.”Dr. Jonathan Rich, a cardiologist at Northern Memorial Hospital in Chicago and an associate professor of medicine at Northwestern University, was the first witness called to testify on Monday as a medical expert for the prosecution. He said it was the first time he had ever testified in court.“I was contacted by the state of Minnesota, and I was asked as a cardiologist if I could review the facts of this case to help determine how Mr. George Floyd died,” Rich said of why he was called to the witness stand.He said he reviewed the autopsy report on Floyd, three years of medical records leading to his death, and police body-camera videos, footage from surveillance cameras and bystander cellphone cameras to determine what killed Floyd.Rich was asked by prosecutor Jerry Blackwell to tell the jury his opinion to a “high degree of medical certainty” the cause of Floyd’s death.“In this case, Mr. George Floyd died from a cardiopulmonary arrest. It was caused by low oxygen levels, and those low oxygen levels were induced by the prone-restraint and positional asphyxiation that he was subjected to,” Rich testified.His opinion echoed what other prosecution medical witnesses have said, including the opinion given on Friday from Dr. Andrew Baker, the Hennepin County medical examiner who performed the autopsy on Floyd.Baker testified that Floyd died of “cardiopulmonary arrest, complicating law enforcement subdual, restraint, and neck compression,” meaning that his heart and lungs stopped working as he was being restrained on the ground. He ruled the death a homicide.The medical examiner also testified that drugs found in Floyd’s system, fentanyl and methamphetamine, as well as undiagnosed heart disease that narrowed the essential arteries to the heart, were contributing factors to his death.“It was the stress of that interaction (with police) that tipped him over the edge given his underlying heart disease and toxicological status,” Baker said.In his opening statement in the trial, Chauvin’s attorney, Eric Nelson, told the jury that evidence will show Floyd died from a sudden heart attack brought on by an overdose of drugs and that Chauvin’s knee on his neck for what prosecutors said was 9 minutes and 29 seconds did not cause his death.“Mr. Floyd died a gradual death. It would not be considered a classic sudden death … meaning when people have that ventricular fibrillation, they literally go from being fine one moment to completely out the next,” Rich said.He said he found no evidence that Floyd died from a sudden heart attack due to a blockage of his coronary arteries, explaining he found no tell-tale signs of that in the voluminous evidence he reviewed such as a piece of plaque platelets completely clogging an artery.Rich, a paid prosecution witness, said he found that the drugs in Floyd’s system were at such low levels they could not have killed someone with the type of tolerance to drugs that Floyd had built up as a chronic user.He noted that Floyd’s medical records dating back to 2018 showed he once showed up at an emergency room and told doctors he had consumed eight Percocet pills, an opioid pain reliever containing oxycodone, over a two-hour period and the hospital staff simply observed him before releasing him.He said Floyd’s death was “absolutely preventable” and noted several times when officers could have turned him on his side to help him breathe and started first aid that would have likely saved his life, including a moment he heard one of the officers on video telling Chauvin, “I think he’s passing out.”Blackwell asked Rich, “Do you have an opinion as to whether George Floyd would have lived if not for Mr. Chauvin’s subdual and restraint of him for 9 minutes and 29 seconds on the ground?”Rich replied, “Yes, I believe he would have lived.”During cross-examination from Nelson, Rich conceded that people with 90% blockage of the right coronary artery and a 75% blockage of the left anterior descending artery have died from a sudden heart attack.Echoing Blackwell’s questioning on whether Floyd’s death was preventable, Nelson asked, “So, in other words, if he had gotten in the squad car, he’d be alive?”Floyd’s brother testifiesFloyd’s brother, Philonise Floyd, 39, took the witness stand to provide the jury with what is known in Minnesota as “spark of life doctrine” testimony.Stemming from a 1985 state Supreme Court case, Minnesota is rare in permitting such personal and often emotional testimony from loved ones of an alleged crime victim in advance of a verdict. In most states, such testimony is reserved for victim impact statements during sentencing if there is a conviction.Philonise Floyd described his brother’s upbringing in Fayetteville, North Carolina, and at the Cuney Homes public housing project in Houston. He described his brother’s fondness for Nintendo video games, his prowess in playing basketball and football in high school and college, and his love for their late mother, Larcenia Floyd.He called his brother a “big momma’s boy,” who had a special relationship with their mother, who died in 2018.“Being around him, he showed us like how to treat our mom and how to respect our mom,” Philonise Floyd testified.He said that when their mother died in May 2018, George Floyd was emotionally crushed that he was in Minnesota and not at her side in Houston.“So, that right there it hurt him a lot. When we went to the funeral, George just sat there at the casket … and he would just say ‘momma, momma’ over and over again,” he said, recalling the same cries his brother repeated as he was dying under the weight of Chauvin’s knee on his neck.“I didn’t know what to tell him because I was in pain, too,” he said. “We all were hurting and he was just kissing her and kissing her. He did not want to leave the casket.”‘Unacceptable or reasonable use of force’The prosecution ended the day by calling Seth Stoughton, a national police use-of-force expert and an assistant professor at the University of South Carolina School of Law.Stoughton, a paid prosecution witness, said he has spent more than 140 hours studying roughly 40,000 pages of documents in the case and reviewing numerous videos, including police body-camera and bystander cellphone footage.“In this case, unlike the vast majority of cases that I’ve been involved in, there were a whole bunch of videos,” he said, adding that the different perspectives of video of the same event allowed him a “much more robust understanding of what was going on.”Stoughton said the use of force Floyd endured was only justified up to the point he was removed from a police car because the already handcuffed man was resisting getting inside.But once Chauvin and the other officers removed him from the squad car and placed him on the pavement on his knees, Stoughton said that’s where the use of force should have ended because Floyd was no longer resisting and even thanked the officer for removing him from the car after he informed them he was claustrophobic.The officers, however, proceeded to place Floyd in a prone position on the pavement and Chauvin placed his left knee on the back of Floyd’s neck, keeping it there for 9 minutes and 29 seconds as the 46-year-old Black man cried out 27 times that he could not breathe, cried out for his mother and eventually went silent, lost consciousness and a pulse, said Stoughton, a former Tallahassee, Florida, police officer.“Given the range of other alternatives available to the officers, it’s just not appropriate to prone someone who is at that point cooperative,” Stoughton said.Asked by prosecutor Steve Schleicher if a trained police officer could view the force used on Floyd as reasonable, Stoughton disagreed.“Both the knee across Mr. Floyd’s neck and the prone restraint were unreasonable, excessive and contrary to generally accepted police practice,” Stoughton said.He said unreasonable force was used on Floyd the entire time he was being held down in the prone position.“No reasonable officer,” Stoughton said, “would have believed that that was an appropriate, acceptable and reasonable use of force.”Copyright © 2021, ABC Audio. 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first_imgDespite the threats faced by seabirds in both terrestrial and marine habitats, even basic knowledge of the locations of colonies, population sizes and trends is lacking for many remote areas of the world. Recent studies have shown that the guano of Adélie penguins can be identified from Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM) imagery and used to map colonies on coasts around continental Antarctica. Our study highlights a new technique based on the unique spectral signature of guano that can be used to discriminate seabird colonies from background geology and vegetation in a wider range of natural environments, including the vegetated and zoologically-diverse region of the Antarctic Peninsula; moreover, the method was effective for all densely colonial, surface-nesting seabirds. Using Landsat ETM imagery, we correctly identified all known seabird colonies of over 50 pairs in the area of Marguerite Bay. Almost all other areas with a similar spectral signature that were outside known breeding areas were single pixels that were readily distinguishable from genuine colonies. If these were excluded, only 4.1% of pixels appeared to represent unknown breeding or roosting sites, and warrant further investigation. The spatial extent of the guano provided a general guide to the number of individuals present, but further work would be required to determine the accuracy of this method for estimating population size. Spectral profiles of guano collected by satellite and hand-held spectrometers were compared with available data in spectral libraries and did not match with any known geological profile. There may also be potential for discriminating colonies of different species that differ in phenology and show seasonal changes in diet by the carefully-timed acquisition of suitable satellite imagery. We conclude that the remotely-sensed guano signature is a good indicator of the location of seabird breeding or roosting sites, with potentially wide application to other areas of the world.last_img read more

first_imgBy Liz McNealIf you ask Emil Martinelli how he juggled his duty to his country, his civil citizen career and being a family man, he says, “when you’re motivated, you can do whatever you want.” However, he would never take all the credit himself. He declares that he owes it all to two things; the liberty one has to serve this country and the support of a stable career from Broadley’s, the local energy solutions specialists.Emil graduated high school in 1969, the same year the Vietnam Lottery draft was in full swing. Nevertheless, he decided to serve his country at his own will in the New Jersey Air National Guard (NJANG). On June 10, 1969, Emil graduated and had only a few days to relax and celebrate his success. He was quickly met with his duty to boot camp in Texas on June 21. That August, he was released to return home to South Jersey for on the job training (OJT). This gave Emil just enough time before beginning OJT to squeeze in a concert with his brother; Woodstock. To his dismay, he had the shortest hair there. After their quick trip to New York, Emil served in the 177th Fighter Wing until 1975.In 1983, Emil was able to begin his career at Broadley’s as the Service Manager. The routine of his nine to five was altered in 1991 in reaction to The First Gulf War. Emil describes it as his “patriotism being resurrected.” After 17 years in military retirement, Emil rejoined the NJANG at 41-years-old. He made the conscious decision not to sacrifice any aspects of his life, balancing his time between his responsibility to Broadley’s, along with extra training time on base.Then, on September 11, 2001, a routine day of checks and training did not go as expected. Emil was on base in Pomona, NJ acting as the Weapons Shop Maintenance 3 Supervisor in the NJANG. He had just finished prepping the fighter jets for their regular morning routine flight and was ready at the end of the tarmac to give the pilots the salute for liftoff. As soon as he heard on the radio “Red Ball, Red Ball. Back to the shop!” the aircrafts had to turn around. They quickly replaced their practice munitions for active air-to-air munitions. His life, everyone’s life on that base and everyone’s life in our nation had changed that day. At the time, Emil’s son was only 16-years-old and a senior in high school. He had always had his sights set on joining the military after watching his father on NJANG duty. On that day, he became absolute on following his father. Emil, his son and his son’s best friend from preschool went on to work in the Weapon’s shop on base. They all even completed a temporary duty in Qatar together.Intermittently between active deployment and routine time on the base training others, Emil was promised his previous job at Broadley’s. He was welcomed back with open arms after his recommitment to his service with a promotion. Emil’s impressive character can be seen in several milestones throughout his life, including rising in the ranks from a three-striper to an E9 slot, in addition to earning his third-degree black belt. All the while, this month marks his 33-year anniversary with Broadley’s. He is well assessed in just about every department and is currently a vital, full-time member of the team. Emil has worked with several other veterans, current and past employees at Broadley’s, including Eric Cherry, Bill Hernisey, Lee Weed and Matt Burke. Perhaps Broadley’s is such an integral part to employing military personnel because of its original founder, Gam Broadley, who joined the Marine Corps in reaction to the attack on Pearl Harbor and served in active duty during World War II.To all the men at Broadley’s who have served, and the men and women around the world who have served and are serving on behalf of our country, we say a special thank you. While we encourage celebration of our veterans every day, we urge you to take an extra moment this Veteran’s Day to reflect on all those who have sacrificed their lives and time with their family to serve our country. There is a lot to be admired by those who have the ambition and heart to serve. Whether it’s by cooking a meal for a vet, volunteering time to convene at your local VA or expressing gratitude by simply saying thanks, any act of appreciation will leave a lasting impression that our veterans deserve.last_img read more