Category: bfiqjzlr

Home / Category: bfiqjzlr

first_img Share KCS-content whatsapp More From Our Partners Mark Eaton, former NBA All-Star, dead at 64nypost.comRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgInside Ashton Kutcher and Mila Kunis’ not-so-average farmhouse estatenypost.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgWhy people are finding dryer sheets in their mailboxesnypost.comFeds seized 18 devices from Rudy Giuliani and his employees in April raidnypost.comUK teen died on school trip after teachers allegedly refused her pleasnypost.com980-foot skyscraper sways in China, prompting panic and evacuationsnypost.comI blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.comBiden received funds from top Russia lobbyist before Nord Stream 2 giveawaynypost.comPuffer fish snaps a selfie with lucky divernypost.comKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comSupermodel Anne Vyalitsyna claims income drop, pushes for child New US claims for jobless aid rose last week and a strong rebound in productivity in the third quarter showed employers wringing more output from current workers rather than hiring. US business productivity rose at a stronger-than-expected 1.9 per cent annual rate, the Labour Department said yesterday, leading to a surprise dip in unit labour costs, a closely watched gauge of inflation pressure.The data came a day after the Federal Reserve launched a programme to buy an additional $600bn (£369bn) worth of government bonds out of concern over lofty unemployment and the risk slowing inflation could lead to a downward price spiral that could shackle the economy.The US government’s closely watched monthly employment report, to be released today, is expected to show anemic jobs growth in October.Initial claims for state unemployment benefits increased 20,000 last week to a seasonally adjusted 457,000, reversing the prior week’s decline, the department said in a separate report. Economists had expected claims to come in at 443,000. The data suggested little improvement in the stagnant US labour market and continued downward pressure on inflation. Tags: NULL Employers wringing more from staff as US jobless claims surge center_img Show Comments ▼ by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastMoneyPailShe Was Famous, Now She Works In {State}MoneyPailNoteabley25 Funny Notes Written By StrangersNoteableySerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesMagellan TimesThis Is Why The Roy Rogers Museum Has Been Closed For GoodMagellan TimesElite HeraldExperts Discover Girl Born From Two Different SpeciesElite HeraldZen HeraldThe Truth About Why ’40s Actor John Wayne Didn’t Serve In WWII Has Come To LightZen HeraldMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStorymoneycougar.comThis Proves The Osmonds Weren’t So Friday 5 November 2010 12:14 am whatsapplast_img read more

Bovis doubles profit on land grab policy

September 4, 2021 | bfiqjzlr | No Comments

first_img Bovis doubles profit on land grab policy whatsapp Show Comments ▼ Monday 14 March 2011 8:45 pm Tags: NULL HOUSEBUILDER Bovis Homes yesterday said its 2010 profit more than doubled and that it had made an encouraging start to 2011.Bovis reported a pre-tax profit last year of £18.5m, compared with £7.5m the year before.The company had been expected to post a profit of £18.54m, according to a poll of analysts. Chief executive David Ritchie said: “The group has delivered a strong improvement in profit in 2010, driven by increased volumes, stronger sales prices and delivery of cost savings.” Bovis spent £203m on land in 2010, acquiring 3,700 plots mostly located in the south of England, and has agreed terms to buy another 2,500 this year, it said.The average selling price of a Bovis home rose by 3.9 per cent to £160,700 in 2010, and the group achieved 1,901 completions in the year, up from 1,803 in 2009.The company, which expects to open 33 new sales outlets in 2011, said it had made an encouraging start in the first nine weeks of the year, with reservations up 11 per cent.The company said it would restore its dividend – with a proposed payment of 3p for 2010 – as a result of the positive figures. The last time a dividend was paid was 2008.Economists are predicting a testing year for housebuilders and muted growth at best, as economic uncertainty and a struggle to access credit deter buyers from entering the market. Bovis said mortgage availability will continue to restrain buyers in 2011 but expects prices to remain stable as a whole. The Kent-based group, which is debt free, added: “With the supply of consented land likely to be constrained in the future, given the planning environment we believe that this is an excellent time to invest.” center_img Share whatsapp by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesBetterBe20 Stunning Female AthletesBetterBeautooverload.comDeclassified Vietnam War Photos The Public Wasn’t Meant To Seeautooverload.comElite HeraldExperts Discover Girl Born From Two Different SpeciesElite HeraldDrivepedia20 Of The Most Underrated Vintage CarsDrivepediaSenior Living | Search AdsNew Senior Apartments Coming Nearby Scottsdale (Take a Look at The Prices)Senior Living | Search Ads Read This NextRicky Schroder Calls Foo Fighters’ Dave Grohl ‘Ignorant Punk’ forThe WrapCNN’s Brian Stelter Draws Criticism for Asking Jen Psaki: ‘What Does theThe WrapDid Donald Trump Wear His Pants Backwards? Kriss Kross Memes Have AlreadyThe WrapPink Floyd’s Roger Waters Denies Zuckerberg’s Request to Use Song in Ad:The WrapHarvey Weinstein to Be Extradited to California to Face Sexual AssaultThe Wrap2 HFPA Members Resign Citing a Culture of ‘Corruption and Verbal Abuse’The Wrap’The View’: Meghan McCain Calls VP Kamala Harris a ‘Moron’ for BorderThe Wrap’Black Widow’ First Reactions: ‘This Is Like the MCU’s Bond Movie’The Wrap’Small Axe’: Behind the Music Everyone Grooved On in Steve McQueen’sThe Wrap KCS-content last_img read more

first_imgAddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter 6th February 2019 | By contenteditor Ladbrokes Coral redundancy rankings consider online sign-ups Tags: OTB and Betting Shops Ladbrokes Coral shop staff face a fight for their jobs through a controversial ranking system that will take into consideration how many customers they can persuade to sign up to online gambling accounts, a report has claimed. Ladbrokes Coral shop staff face a fight for their jobs through a controversial ranking system that will take into consideration how many customers they can persuade to sign up to online gambling accounts, a report has claimed.The Guardian newspaper reported today (February 6) that a letter circulated to employees outlined how the bookmaker will close up to 1,000 of its 3,500 shops over the next 18 to 24 months. The report added that this could lead to about 5,000 staff members losing their jobs.Ladbrokes Coral, which has blamed the impending reduction in maximum stakes at fixed-odds betting terminals from £100 to £2 in April for the gloomy outlook, has reportedly established a system that will rank staff according to different criteria, with employees grouped by area.Forty per cent of a staff member’s score will be from an online test, with a further 20% based on a face-to-face interview and 10% set aside to reflect the individual’s past disciplinary record.However, 30% of the score will reflect the number of customers they can persuade to set up online accounts, the report said.“It is appalling that staff are being asked to take advantage of vulnerable people and urge them to sign up for online accounts – once again putting profit before customers’ welfare,” said Carolyn Harris, a Member of Parliament who chairs the All Party Parliamentary Group on Gambling Related Harm.The bookmaker has also told employees that it will not take any decision on which shops to close until it has completed a 45-day period of “collective consultation”.Neither the bookmaker nor its parent company, GVC Holdings, responded to a request for comment today by Guardian added that no redundancies will happen before May 1, with some staff set to be offered reduced contracts of 36 hours per week.A Ladbrokes spokesperson told the newspaper shop closures were “an inevitable outcome of the changes to FOBT regulation”.The spokesperson added: “We are fully committed to running a fair and transparent consultation process with our shop colleagues. Given the regulatory environment, our aim is to keep the maximum number of shops open, job losses to a minimum, and to continue to build a responsible and vibrant multi-channel environment in our shops where customers can transact with us seamlessly in our shops or online.” Topics: People People Regions: UK & Ireland Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Email Addresslast_img read more

first_img Rector Shreveport, LA Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Tags Youth Minister Lorton, VA Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET September 19, 2016 at 10:14 pm Oh, seriously, Church of England. We’re here, we’re queer, deal with us! We are part and parcel of “All God’s Children,” and Jesus Christ, our mutual Saviour, would not have even blinked to have us among his followers, in the Jesus Movement that Michael Curry speaks so eloquently of. Even Pope Francis said, to his adherents: “Who am I to judge?” Jesus the Christ came to minister to the outcasts, the left-behinds, in his society, in his Judaic/Hebraic world. That is the radical message that he brought to the world. And you, wise and studied Churchwise Folks, can you afford to do less than that? To leave aside the message that Christ Jesus brought to the Gentiles? This is not a simplified Christianity-Light theology! Save that for our 19th Century mission converts in the farthest reaches of the world. They will eventually come to realize that the central message of salvation and reconciliation that they were brought is a liberating theology, and continues to evolve as life evolves, and that The New Covenant applies to all of us, gay and straight alike! Submit a Job Listing Rector Pittsburgh, PA Church of England names sexuality reflection group members Steven Colburn says: September 19, 2016 at 4:55 pm Thanks for making ENS available to people in the “pews.”And I have a question. I reached this page via an email that linked to it:On Sep 19, 2016, at 4:23 PM, Episcopal News Service wrote:[ENS] World leaders adopt a global migration compact / Bishops, spouses learn firsthand about Flint’s water crisisI’m wondering why you can’t link directly to the article at than requiring us to click the link about to get there. (This need to click twice happens on every non-ENS story.)Thanks. Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Featured Events Press Release Service Submit a Press Release Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Anglican Communion, Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Director of Music Morristown, NJ This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Randy Marks says: Submit an Event Listing Rector Albany, NY Rector Belleville, IL New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Comments (2) The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Featured Jobs & Calls Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT center_img Rector Knoxville, TN Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Curate Diocese of Nebraska Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Course Director Jerusalem, Israel [Anglican Communion News Service] The Church of England has confirmed the membership of its new Bishops’ Reflection Group which has been established to help the church’s bishops as they continue to reflect on issues relating to human sexuality. The group was established by the archbishops of Canterbury and York following discussions at last week’s meeting of the church’s College of Bishops.Full article. Rector Tampa, FL Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Rector Martinsville, VA An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Comments are closed. Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET By Gavin DrakePosted Sep 19, 2016 Rector Hopkinsville, KY Associate Rector Columbus, GA Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Rector Washington, DC Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Rector Bath, NC Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Human Sexuality Rector Smithfield, NC Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Rector Collierville, TN TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab last_img read more

RNLI’s Train One Save Many

June 16, 2021 | bfiqjzlr | No Comments

first_img Howard Lake | 21 September 2008 | News From the RNLI YouTube Channel, a short film seeking support from the public, explaining that “99% of our money comes not from government but from the heart, from you the public.” About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. RNLI’s Train One Save Many AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis  15 total views,  1 views today Advertisement Tagged with: Individual giving  16 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

Weekly’s editor murdered in Kathmandu

June 12, 2021 | bfiqjzlr | No Comments

first_img July 30, 2003 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Weekly’s editor murdered in Kathmandu News NepalAsia – Pacific NepalAsia – Pacific June 8, 2020 Find out more Follow the news on Nepal May 29, 2019 Find out more Help by sharing this information Reporters Without Borders (Reporters sans frontières) today urged the government to pursue efforts to identify those responsible for the 27 July abduction and murder of Amar Lama, the managing editor of the news weekly Tajakhabar (Fresh News), and to establish their motives. Lama was also a businessman and singer, and a member of the opposition Nepali Congress party.In a letter to Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa, who is also interior minister, the organisation said it welcomed the creation of a commission of enquiry and the arrest of three suspects, but it urged him to “make real resources available to the investigators in order to determine whether Amar Lama’s murder was linked to his work as a journalist.”Lama was kidnapped by three individuals when he went to his newspaper’s office to hand in an article. They introduced themselves as police offices who wanted to talk to him. Lama tried to escape and a chase ensued in the streets of the Kalikasthan district of the capital. When the three assailants caught Lama, they beat him and took him away in a tax. His body was found with a bullet in the head an hour later in Kirtipur, 10 km south of Kathmandu. Two women who witnessed the scene said one of the killers made a call on his mobile to say “the job is done.”Dataram Adhikari, the taxi driver who drove the three men before and after Lama’s abduction, surrendered himself to the police the next day. He said he had no links with the killers. A few hours later, police arrested three suspects including Binita Shrestha, a former business associate of Lama. Lama’s wife told police that Lama had received threats from Shrestha.The same day, the government put judge Madav Lal Shrestha in charge of the investigation. He is supposed to submit a report in two weeks.Lama is known in Nepal for being the driver of two historic leaders of the far-left CPN-UML party when they were killed in an accident in 1993. The CPN-UML blamed Lama for their deaths and he served a five-year prison sentence. He had been a member of the Nepali Congress ever since his release and recently took over the running of Tajakhabar. News to go furthercenter_img News May 17, 2019 Find out more Receive email alerts Organisation Nepalese journalists threatened, attacked and censored over Covid-19 coverage Under Chinese pressure, Nepal sanctions three journalists over Dalai Lama story Nepal: RSF’s recommendations to amend controversial Media Council Bill News RSF_en last_img read more

first_imgKadir Özbek and Rüstü Demirkaya, of the pro-Kurdish news agency DIHA, Ferit Demir, of the DHA (Dogan) and Reuters news agencies, and Haydar Toprakçi, of the official Anatolian News Agency (AA), were arrested on 4 August in the village of Gülec (in Tunceli province, Eastern Anatolia). They are still being held at army headquarters in Tunceli. to go further RSF_en Organisation News Demirtas and Kirandi were freed on 5 August after appearing before a court in Tunceli. Turkey’s never-ending judicial persecution of former newspaper editor News April 28, 2021 Find out more They had gone to Gülec with a human rights delegation to see a Turkish soldier, Coskun Kirandi, who had been held by PKK militants since 11 July and had just been freed. News TurkeyEurope – Central Asia TurkeyEurope – Central Asia Follow the news on Turkeycenter_img Reporters Without Borders called for the immediate release of four Turkish news agency journalists held at military headquarter in the eastern town of Tunceli since 4 August. “The legitimate and necessary fight against terrorism can never justify such violations of press freedom and we demand their release at once,” it said. Journalists threatened with imprisonment under Turkey’s terrorism law August 6, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Arbitrary arrest and interrogation of four journalists deplored News Help by sharing this information Receive email alerts The Tunceli deputy public prosecutor, Sedat Ertaskin, told journalists that those arrested had “acted as intermediaries” and had collaborated with and made propaganda for the Kurdish cause. All members of the delegation, including Selahattin Demirtas, head of the Diyarbakir branch of the Turkish Human Rights Association (IHD), Mihdi Perinçek, leader of the IHD, Ferhat Tunç, a singer and columnist for the pro-Kurdish daily Ülkede Özgür Gündem, Umur Hozatli, another columnist for the paper, and Özgür Söylemez, who is also a member of the pro-Kurdish Democratic People’s Party (DEHAP), were arrested along with two villagers and interrogated by the military. April 2, 2021 Find out more April 2, 2021 Find out more Reporters Without Borders strongly protested today at the arrest and interrogation of four Turkish journalists who were reporting on the release of a Turkish soldier by his Kurdish nationalist kidnappers.”These journalists were simply doing their job,” it said. “They should not be suspected of collaborating with the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) just because they covered this event. The legitimate and necessary fight against terrorism can never justify such violations of press freedom and we urge justice minister Cemil Cicek to see they are released at once.” Human rights groups warns European leaders before Turkey summitlast_img read more

first_img Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH LUH system challenged by however, work to reduce risk to patients ongoing – Dr Hamilton Crunch talks between the Irish and British governments take place at Stormont later in a bid to resolve the political deadlock.The discussions will focus on the status of the IRA and it’s alleged links to the murder of Kevin McGuigan in Belfast last month.The father of nine’s killing has led to a political storm with the Ulster Unionist Party leaving the Executive and the Democratic Unionist Party ending Executive meetings until the crisis is resolved.There have also been unionist calls for the suspension of the assembly.UUP Regional Development Minister Danny Kennedy, who’s quit the Executive over the claims, says it’s now time to make tough decisions…………….Audio Player Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Fresh talks to begin as future of Assembly hangs in the balance Almost 10,000 appointments cancelled in Saolta Hospital Group this week WhatsApp WhatsApp By News Highland – September 8, 2015 Google+ Facebook Nine Til Noon Show – Listen back to Wednesday’s Programme Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published center_img Pinterest Homepage BannerNews Previous articleDerryman to be sentenced for copyright infringementNext articleFunding to be announced to repair key Arranmore Island road News Highland RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter GAA decision not sitting well with Donegal – Mick McGrath Google+ Facebook Twitter Pinterestlast_img read more

Taxi driver assaulted over a £3 fare

May 27, 2021 | bfiqjzlr | No Comments

first_img 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Taxi driver assaulted over a £3 fare Pinterest WhatsApp Pinterest Google+ By News Highland – August 20, 2011 Facebook Derry Magistrate’s Court heard today how a man assaulted a taxi driver after arguing over the fare with him.San McCormich (26) of 8, Balbane Pass in Derry was charged with assaulting the taxi driver n May 21 this year.The court was told that the taxi was parked in the city centre when McCormick approached and asked to be taken to Creggan. He asked what the fare would be and when he was told £3 he started arguing.The taxi proceeded towards Creggan but McCormick persisted in arguing and eventually the driver stopped and asked McCormick to gt out.At this stage McCormick became aggressive and swung out hitting the driver on the side of the head. The driver tried to get McCormick out of the car but he continued to behave aggressively.The incident ended when another taxi stopped to offer assistance and McCormick walked away. The driver followed and was able to tell police what house he went into.At interview McCormick admitted being asked to get out and swinging at the driver but denied injuring him.Defence solicitor Mr. George Copeland said that his client had been at a stag do and had been drinking for several hours.He said he had pleaded guilty at the first opportunity.Deputy District Judge Mervyn Bates said that McCormick had a previous conviction for assaulting police.He bound him over to keep the peace for 12 months on his own recognisance of £500. He also ordered him to pay the taxi driver £300 in compensation. Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic center_img Newsx Adverts Google+ Previous articleDetails of Donegal events for National Heritage WeekNext articleDonegal biker priest to celebrate special mass News Highland RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WhatsApp Twitter Twitter Facebook Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan firelast_img read more

first_imgColumnsLengthy Judgments: Do They Appeal To General Public? Hari Mudgil18 Jun 2020 10:18 PMShare This – x”However, the learned counsel…cannot derive the fullest succour from the aforesaid acqueisence… given its sinew suffering partial dissipation from an imminent display occurring in the impunged pronouncement here at where within unravelments are held qua the rendition recorded by the learned Rent Controller…” This excerpt from a judgement of Himachal Pradesh High Court in 2016 is…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”However, the learned counsel…cannot derive the fullest succour from the aforesaid acqueisence… given its sinew suffering partial dissipation from an imminent display occurring in the impunged pronouncement here at where within unravelments are held qua the rendition recorded by the learned Rent Controller…” This excerpt from a judgement of Himachal Pradesh High Court in 2016 is not relevant to this article except to invite the attention of readers towards the language used. Thankfully, this was set aside by Hon’ble Apex court on ground of convoluted English used. The Supreme Court of India and many other eminent jurist across the world have been pressing time and again that judgements should be simple, lucid, apparent and obvious with detailed reasoning. Authors increasingly failed to understand what purpose the lengthy judgement with quotations of Salmond or HLA Hart serve when the same judgement can be concised justifiably. It is apt that judgements of constitutional courts act as stare decisis ( a law which all other courts are bound to follow), but it doesn’t mean that courts are bound to add legal maxims ( which hardly any layman understands) and quotations or citation from western legal historians. What is a Judgment? Judgement is the statement given by the Judge, on the grounds of a decree or order. It is the end product of the proceedings in the Court. The writing of a judgment is one of the most important and time consuming task performed by a Judge. The making and the writing of a judgment and the style in which it is written, varies from Judge to Judge and reflects the characteristic of a Judge. Every Judge, of every rank has his own distinct style of writing. But the fact of the matter is that the reportable judgements from constitutional courts are written in such a language mixed with a Latin legal terminology that even advocates/ law students have to refer law dictionary, forget the common people of land. The judge, justice system, courts, judgements or decrees are all for the interest of general public at large. If the common man is not able to understand the reasoning or ratio of a judgement, then we are failing as a system. Hon’ble Mr. Justice M.M. Corbett, Former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of South Africa, recommended a basic structural form for judgment writing: Introduction sectionSetting out of the factsThe law and the issuesApplying the law to the factsDetermining the relief including costsFinally, the order of the Court; and all these should be in very simple language which could be understood by the person standing last in the queue. Length vs Brevity The avoidable citations and quotations from historians make the judgement lengthy. In the era of advanced technology, when all the information including judgements are available at one click, people are reluctant to read the full judgement spread in thousands of pages. A perfect example can be seen in an order in the month of March 2015, when Justice Dipak Misra in the case of Priyanka Srivastava and Anr vs State of UP and Ors, had written what can be said to be as one of the longest sentences ever written in a Supreme Court judgement. He wrote a single opening sentence with 192 words. Length of documents does not attract readers rather brevity is loved. Brevity is the virtue of a wise man and is familiarized by those, who have clarity in mind. No one likes to read long judgments. Brief opinions are comfortable in reading. Shri Gurcharan Das in his article published on 03.10.2003 in the Times of India said, “Soon after he became Prime Minister, Winston Churchill wrote to the First Lord of the Admiralty to ask-Pray Sir, tell me on one side of the sheet of paper, how the Royal Navy is preparing for the war, Churchill knew that if he did not qualify his request, he would have received an unreadable 400 page report.” Brevity is a great virtue, and nowhere more needed than in India. Our Judges write judgements that are too long; our lawyers ramble on; our executives try to impress with lengthy memos; our politicians well try to get in a word. It can be safely said that lengthy judgements are not favoured. Use of Latin principles The number of law students that have studied Latin at school is quite meagre. The proportion which can understand Latin in the community at large is small. If the purpose of reasons for judgment is to communicate effectively with the various audiences, it is highly desirable that Latin expressions should be dropped or where still useful, these should be translated. Otherwise a barrier is placed between legal expression and an important section of the audience for whom the judgment is written. Such barriers serve only to alienate judges and lawyers from the community they serve. The usage of Latin as an illustration of classical learning is unnecessary. Learning can quite readily be demonstrated by those anxious to do so in other ways. Our judgements are read not only by the experts but also by persons, not so conversant with law. We have to make their task easy by writing in a language that is comprehensible. Use of Latin, foreign and difficult words is to be discouraged. Writing of judgments should be to express and not to impress. It is often that advocates and judges use a peculiar cant and jargon of their own that no mortal can understand, which need to be avoided. After 70 years of Independence when we have fairly developed our own legal system then there is no point using Latin or foreign words. Lets look at some of the illustrations and consider which one is better: 1.NEMO DEBET ESSE JUDEX IN PROPRIA SUA CAUSA. 2. NO MAN CAN BE JUDGE IN HIS OWN CAUSE. The first one is in Latin and the second one is its English version. The author fails to understand what purpose would be served by writing in Latin which commoners would not understand. Simple writing is the hallmark of a superior mind. It is the usage of plain and familiar word that catches the readers’ attention. Legal expert, lawyers, judges or law students may understand the difficult words, but is is difficult for the readers. The layman may neither have patience nor time to consult the dictionary. The courts and Judges of India are respected all over the world due to their highest level of wisdom and intelligentsia. But when the general public finds it difficult to understand, the entire exercise becomes pointless. Use of double/triple negatives: One more major issue which the readers including the legal fraternity face while reading the judgements is the enhanced use of double or triple negative. Sometimes a sentence is framed with two or three negatives which compel the readers to engage their mental faculty in an exercise which could be easily avoided. In order to understand it, consider this example. A judge writes in his judgement: “I cannot say that I do not disagree with you.” The words “cannot,” “not” and “disagree” all have negative meanings on their own. Because there are three of them in a single sentence, the sentence has a negative meaning overall. Saying “I do not disagree with you” would be positive, since it has only two negatives. Hence, inspite of doing the lengthy exercise of triple negative, it would have been better to simply say that I’m not agree with you. Similarly, another illustration is proposed through an excerpt from the judgement of a Tribunal on a service matter. The Hon’ble tribunal was pleased to write in a para: ‘A member who has no fewer than 25 years of credited service but has not yet attained the age of 60 years and is not eligible for retirement may not voluntarily retire early without first getting approval from the Board after filing a written application.’ The tribunal tried to accommodate all the things in single sentence with negatives creating chaos and confusion to readers. Now in this case, if the negatives are removed and it is split, the same can be written as follows: ‘The members, ineligible for retirement, may voluntarily retire if they are: ● under the age of 60 years, and ● have at least 25 years of credited service. This can only be done after getting approval from the board by filing a written application.’ I need not say, which one is better. No doubt, judgment writing is an art. The wit and wisdom of a Judge reflects from his writings. In India, we had Justice Mukherjee, Justice Krishan Aiyer having an unparalleled skill of writing the judgements. Chief Justice Marshall of Supreme Court of USA is well known for his art of writings. All these Honourable Judges are respected because they impress the common people. The writings should be simple and split into smaller sentences as such unambiguous and lucid judgements will bring the common man more closer to the judicial system and will act as a bridge of trust between public and courts.The author is a lawyer and may be reached at [email protected] Views are personal only. Next Storylast_img read more